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Transitional care interventions from acute care to long-term care facilities: a systematic review
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  • Melanie Le Berre,
  • Anshuman Saksena,
  • Isabelle Vedel,
  • Machelle Wilchesky
Melanie Le Berre
Lady Davis Institute for Medical Research
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Anshuman Saksena
McGill University
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Isabelle Vedel
McGill University
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Machelle Wilchesky
McGill University
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Abstract

Objectives: Older adults living in long-term care facilities (LTCFs) are particularly at risk during transitions in care, most notably from acute care back to their LCTF. Issues surrounding miscommunication of information or medications are often mentioned as important challenges. Transitional care interventions (TCi) have emerged as solutions to improve outcomes. The objective of this review was therefore to determine the effects of TCi on several indicators of quality of care, clinical outcomes, healthcare services use and satisfaction among older patients discharged from acute care to LTCFs. Methods: Medline, CINAHL, EMBASE, Cochrane Central and Social Work Abstracts were searched. Study selection (title/abstract, full-text), data extraction and assessment of study quality were conducted by two independent reviewers. A narrative synthesis of the data was performed. Results: From the 5,506 references identified, 11 were included. Eight studies reported on quality of care: six on medication problems, and two on advance directives. Four studies reported on clinical outcomes: three on mortality, two on mobility/function and one on confusion/behavioral symptoms. Seven studies reported on healthcare services use: six on hospital readmissions/ED visits, and five on hospital days. Three studies reported on satisfaction with TCi. While satisfaction levels were high with TCi, other outcomes were inconclusive. Medications problems appeared to be the outcome most likely to benefit from TCi. Discussion: TCi targeting the acute to long-term care transition have obtained inconclusive results so far. More studies investigating the outcomes of quality of care, clinical outcomes, healthcare services use are needed.

Peer review status:IN REVISION

10 Jan 2020Submitted to Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice
10 Jan 2020Submission Checks Completed
10 Jan 2020Assigned to Editor
11 Jan 2020Reviewer(s) Assigned
01 Apr 2020Review(s) Completed, Editorial Evaluation Pending
02 Apr 2020Editorial Decision: Revise Minor
23 Jun 20201st Revision Received
24 Jun 2020Submission Checks Completed
24 Jun 2020Assigned to Editor
03 Jul 2020Review(s) Completed, Editorial Evaluation Pending
03 Jul 2020Editorial Decision: Revise Minor