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Influence of Microalloying Elements (Ti, Nb) and Nitrogen Concentrations on Precipitation of Linepipe Steels - A Thermodynamic Approach
  • Sima Aminorroaya Yamini
Sima Aminorroaya Yamini
Sheffield Hallam University Faculty of Arts Computing Engineering and Sciences
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A CALculation of PHase Diagrams (CALPHAD) approach was used to study the formation temperatures of nitride and carbonitride precipitates in nominated linepipe steels. The calculated results were in good agreement with relevant experimental data reported in the literatures, where the optimum titanium to nitrogen ratio and austenite grain growth was studied in similar steel compositions. The niobium concentration up to 0.12 wt% showed no influence on the formation temperature of nitrides in a common linepipe steel composition, while significantly increased the precipitation temperature of niobium carbides up to 0.03 wt%. Nitride precipitates contained a high concentration of titanium while niobium contributed mostly to the formation of carbide/carbonitrides. Although the dissolution and growth of precipitates are controlled kinetically, the thermodynamic calculation approach can be used to efficiently predict the equilibrium amount and composition of the stable phases in chemically complex systems. This results in a more accurate design of experiments, to minimise the number of tests required to obtain optimum chemical compositions and heat treatment procedures.