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The effect of the expression of the antiapoptotic BHRF1 gene on the metabolic behavior of a hybridoma cell line
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  • Iván Martínez-Monge,
  • Pere Comas,
  • David Catalán,
  • Jordi Prat,
  • Antoni Casablancas,
  • Carlos Paredes,
  • Martí Lecina,
  • Jordi Cairo
Iván Martínez-Monge
Technical University of Denmark
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Pere Comas
Universitat Autonoma de Barcelona
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David Catalán
Technical University of Denmark
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Jordi Prat
Universitat Autonoma de Barcelona
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Antoni Casablancas
Universitat Autonoma de Barcelona
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Carlos Paredes
Universitat Autonoma de Barcelona
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Martí Lecina
IQS-Universitat Ramon Llull
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Jordi Cairo
Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona
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Abstract

One of the most important limitations of mammalian cells-based bioprocesses, and particularly hybridoma cell cultures, is the deregulated metabolism related to glucose and glutamine consumption. The high uptake rates of glucose and glutamine (being both the main nutrients used as a carbon, nitrogen and energy sources) yields to the production and accumulation of large amounts of lactate and ammonia in the culture broth. Lactate and/or ammonia accumulation, together with the depletion of the main nutrients are the major causes that triggers the apoptosis in hybridoma cell cultures. The KB26.5 hybridoma cell line producing an IgG3 (used in the ABO blood testing system) was engineered with BHRF1 protein (KB26.5-BHRF1), an Epstein–Barr virus-encoded early protein homologous to the anti-apoptotic protein Bcl-2, with the aim of protecting the cell line from apoptosis. Surprisingly, besides achieving an effective protection from apoptosis, the expression of BHRF1 modified significantly the metabolism of the hybridoma cell line. The comparison of cell physiology and metabolism analysis of the original KB26.5 and KB26.5-BHRF1 revealed an increase of cell growth rate, a reduction of glucose and glutamine consumption, as well as a decrease on lactate secretion in KB26.5-BHRF1 cells. The flux balance analysis allowed quantifying intracellular fluxes of both cell lines. The main metabolic differences were identified in the glucose consumption and, consequently, the lactate generation. The lactate production flux was reduced by 60% since the need for NADH regeneration in the cytoplasm decreased due to the glucose uptake reduction by more than 50%. In general terms, BHRF1 engineered cell line showed a more efficient metabolism yielding to an increase of the biomass volumetric productivity under identical culture conditions.

Peer review status:UNDER REVIEW

23 Apr 2020Submitted to Biotechnology and Bioengineering
24 Apr 2020Assigned to Editor
24 Apr 2020Submission Checks Completed
26 Apr 2020Review(s) Completed, Editorial Evaluation Pending