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Structural and functional contributions of conducting tissues to genotypic and environmental variations of tomato fruit mass
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  • Jeanne Simon,
  • Maïda Cardoso,
  • Béatrice Brunel,
  • Eric Alibert,
  • Christelle Baptiste,
  • Marc Lartaud,
  • Jean-Luc Verdeil,
  • Gilles Vercambre,
  • Christophe Goze-Bac,
  • Nadia Bertin
Jeanne Simon
INRAE
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Maïda Cardoso
Université de Montpellier
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Béatrice Brunel
INRAE
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Eric Alibert
Université de Montpellier
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Christelle Baptiste
CIRAD Centre de Montpellier
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Marc Lartaud
CIRAD Centre de Montpellier
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Jean-Luc Verdeil
CIRAD Centre de Montpellier
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Gilles Vercambre
INRAE
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Christophe Goze-Bac
Université de Montpellier
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Nadia Bertin
INRAE
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Abstract

Conductive tissues are main routes of resource transport, that are crucial for the growth of fleshy fruit. Yet, very few quantitative data of xylem and phloem areas are available and their variabilities are unknown. This study aimed at better understanding and quantifying the structural and functional properties of the conductive tissues in tomato pedicel. 11 contrasting genotypes were described and the impact of water deficit was studied depending on stress intensity and stage of application. In parallel, MRI was used to assess the proportion and size of active xylem vessels in the stem. Results were implemented in a Virtual Fruit model to assess the potential contribution of pedicel conductive tissues in the variability of fruit fresh and dry masses. On their whole, results suggested that variations in the properties of conducting tissues are involved in the genotypic and environmental variations of fruit mass. The study also highlights the interest to combine methods and to integrate knowledge to better understand plant functioning, and finally to improve plant models. Flow-MRI was shown to be an easy non-destructive method to measure the functional properties of conducting tissues such as the proportion of active vessels and their diameter.

Peer review status:UNDER REVIEW

06 May 2020Submitted to Plant, Cell & Environment
08 May 2020Assigned to Editor
08 May 2020Submission Checks Completed
10 May 2020Reviewer(s) Assigned
29 May 2020Review(s) Completed, Editorial Evaluation Pending