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Random mutagenesis by insertion of error-prone PCR products to the chromosome of Bacillus subtilis
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  • Be Ye,
  • Yu Li,
  • Qin Tao,
  • Xiaoliang Yao,
  • Minggen Cheng,
  • Xin Yan
Be Ye
Nanjing Agricultural University
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Yu Li
Nanjing Agricultural University
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Qin Tao
Nanjing Agricultural University
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Xiaoliang Yao
Nanjing Agricultural University
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Minggen Cheng
Nanjing Agricultural University
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Xin Yan
Nanjing Agricultural University
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Abstract

Bacillus subtilis is an attractive host for directed evolution of the enzymes whose substrates cannot be transported across the cell membrane. However, generation of mutant library in B. subtilis still suffers problems of small library size, plasmid instability and heterozygosity. Here, large library of random mutant was created through inserting error-prone PCR (epPCR) product to the chromosome of B. subtilis. Specifically, epPCR product was fused with flanking regions and antibiotic resistant marker using a PCR-based multimerization method, generating insertion construct. epPCR product was integrated into chromosome via homologous recombination after insertion construct was transformed into the supercompetent cells of B. subtilis strain SCK6. The transformation efficiency of insertion construct was improved though increasing the number of competent cell and the length of flanking regions. A library containing 3.5×105 random mutant was construction using per μg insertion construct, which is sufficient for directed evolution. Moreover, the library generation process could be accomplished within one day. The effectiveness of this method was confirmed by improving the activity of Methyl Parathion Hydrolase (MPH) toward chlorpyrifos and to enhance the secretion level of MPH in B. subtilis. Taken together, present work provides a fast and efficient method to integrate epPCR product into the chromosome of B. subtilis, facilitating directed evolution and expression optimization of target protein.

Peer review status:UNDER REVIEW

15 May 2020Submitted to Biotechnology and Bioengineering
15 May 2020Assigned to Editor
15 May 2020Submission Checks Completed
18 May 2020Review(s) Completed, Editorial Evaluation Pending