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Sampling soil water along the pF curve for δ2H and δ18O analysis
  • Natalie Orlowski,
  • Lutz Breuer
Natalie Orlowski
Albert Ludwigs Universtiy Freiburg
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Lutz Breuer
Justus-Liebig-Universität Gießen
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Abstract

Soil water stable isotopes are widely used across disciplines (e.g. hydrology, ecology, soil science, and biogeochemistry). However, the full potential of stables isotopes as a tool for characterizing the origin, flow path, transport processes and residence times of water in different eco-, hydro-, and geological compartments has not yet been exploited. This is mainly due to the large variety of different methods for pore water extraction. While recent work has shown that matric potential affects the equilibrium fractionation, little work has examined how different water retention characteristics might affect the sampled water isotopic composition. Here, we present a simple laboratory experiment with two well-studied standard soils differing in their physico-chemical properties (e.g., clayey loam and silty sand). Samples were sieved, oven-dried and spiked with water of known isotopic composition to full saturation. For investigating the effect of water retention characteristics on the extracted water isotopic composition, we used pressure extractors to sample isotopically labelled soil water along the pF curve. After pressure extraction, we further extracted the soil samples via cryogenic vacuum extraction. The null hypothesis guiding our work was that water held at different tensions shows the same isotopic composition. Our results showed that the sampled soil water differed isotopically from the introduced isotopic label over time and sequentially along the pF curve. Our and previous studies suggest caution in interpreting isotope results of extracted soil water and a need to better characterize processes that govern isotope fractionation with respect to soil water retention characteristics. In the future, knowledge about soil water retention characteristics could be applied to predict soil water fractionation effects under natural and non-stationary conditions.

Peer review status:ACCEPTED

16 May 2020Submitted to Hydrological Processes
19 May 2020Submission Checks Completed
19 May 2020Assigned to Editor
19 May 2020Reviewer(s) Assigned
31 Jul 2020Review(s) Completed, Editorial Evaluation Pending
05 Aug 2020Editorial Decision: Revise Minor
11 Sep 20201st Revision Received
12 Sep 2020Submission Checks Completed
12 Sep 2020Assigned to Editor
12 Sep 2020Reviewer(s) Assigned
17 Sep 2020Review(s) Completed, Editorial Evaluation Pending
17 Sep 2020Editorial Decision: Accept