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Pathogenesis Diagnosis, Immune Responses, and Current Treatment Strategies of COVID-19
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  • Jabir Ali,
  • Ujalla Tanveer,
  • Mohsin Raza,
  • Maheen Shafiq,
  • Ghulam Nabi,
  • Suliman Khan,
  • Hafiz Muhammad Asmar Naeem
Jabir Ali
University of Agriculture Faisalabad
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Ujalla Tanveer
University of Agriculture Faisalabad
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Mohsin Raza
University of Agriculture Faisalabad
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Maheen Shafiq
University of Agriculture Faisalabad
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Ghulam Nabi
Hebei Normal University College of Life Sciences
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Suliman Khan
Zhengzhou University
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Hafiz Muhammad Asmar Naeem
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Abstract

Abstract An ongoing novel highly contagious pneumonia outbreak started in Wuhan, which is sprawling capital of central china’s province, Hubei, at the late December 2019. World Health Organization on February 12, 2020 officially named this disease as Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) caused by Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). The primary host of SARS-CoV-2 is linked with bat specie however; the intermediate host is still not clear. The COVID-19 spread rapidly across the world because of person-person transmission. The SARS-CoV-2 stimulates both the cellular and humoral immunity mediated by viral specific B and T cells. Cases of COVID-19 infection exhibit several clinical complications for example fever, tiredness and dry cough. Diagnosis are mostly depending on epidemiological characteristics, clinical manifestation, and few through the examination of auxiliary tissues. In this review, we have provided a brief introduction of SARS-CoV-2, pathogenesis, diagnosis, immune responses, and treatments and future perspectives.