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Evaluation of some predictive parameters for baked milk tolerance in children with cow's milk allergy
  • Mehmet Kilic,
  • Lütfiye CILKOL,
  • Erdal TASKIN
Mehmet Kilic
Fırat University
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Lütfiye CILKOL
Firat University
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Erdal TASKIN
Firat Universitesi
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Abstract

Background: The addition of baked-milk products to the diet appears to markedly accelerate the development of tolerance to unheated-milk compared to a strict avoidance diet. Objective: The present study aims to investigate the predictors of baked milk tolerance in children with IgE-mediated cow’s milk allergy. Methods: The study included 80 cases who were diagnosed with IgE-mediated cow’s milk allergy upon oral food challenge (OFC) testing in our clinic. Cases who did and did not develop reactions during OFC with baked milk were compared regarding clinical and laboratory parameters. Results: The cases with cow’s milk allergy were 48 male and 32 female and the average age was 7.25 ± 2.45 (3-13) months. We found that 62.5% of cases showed tolerance to baked milk in the OFC test performed with cakes containing 2.6 g milk protein. When the patients who could and could not tolerate baked milk products were compared as for test results, we detected a statistically significant difference intergroup regarding diameter of wheal in skin prick test (SPT) performed with muffin slurry, levels of sIgE for cow’s milk (CM), sheep’s milk (SM), goat’s milk (GM), casein, and the amount of unheated milk consumed until a reaction developed in the OFC test performed with unheated milk (p <0.05). Conclusion: We defined novel decision points based on for CM, SM, GM, casein sIgE levels, wheal diameter in SPT with muffin slurry, and the amount of milk ingested during OFC performed with unheated milk that may be useful in predicting outcomes to baked milk challenges.