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Intracardiac echocardiography-guided transseptal puncture for flouroless catheter ablation of left-sided tachycardias
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  • David Žižek,
  • Bor Antolič,
  • Tine Prolič Kalinšek,
  • Jernej Štublar,
  • Nina Kajdič,
  • Matija Jelenc,
  • Matevž Jan
David Žižek
University Medical Centre Ljubljana Division of Internal Medicine
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Bor Antolič
University Medical Centre Ljubljana Division of Internal Medicine
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Tine Prolič Kalinšek
University Medical Centre Ljubljana
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Jernej Štublar
University Medical Centre Ljubljana Division of Internal Medicine
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Nina Kajdič
University Medical Centre Ljubljana Division of Internal Medicine
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Matija Jelenc
University Medical Center Ljubljana
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Matevž Jan
University Medical Centre Ljubljana
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Abstract

Introduction Integration of intracardiac echocardiography (ICE) and 3D electroanatomic mapping (EAM) system allows transseptal punctures (TSP) without the use of fluoroscopy. Compared to fluoroscopy, ICE provides better visualization of the anatomy relevant to TSP and early recognition of complications. The aim was to evaluate efficacy and safety of entirely ICE- guided TSPs in patients who underwent fluoroless catheter ablation of left-sided tachycardias. Methods and results Consecutive 524 adult and pediatric patients referred to our institution from July 2014 to December 2019 were analyzed. Patients with cardiac implantable electronic devices (CIEDs) were also included. All procedures were performed with ICE-guided TSP combined with 3D EAM. Adverse events fol-lowing TSP and within 30 days of the procedure were analyzed. Altogether 949 TSPs (363 double punctures, 76.5%) were performed in 586 fluoroless ablation procedures: 451 (77%) were ablation of atrial fibrillation or atypical flutter, 75 (12.8%) of left-sided accessory pathway, 33 (5.6%) of ventricu-lar tachycardia, and 27 (4.6%) of focal atrial tachycardia. Forty-six (7.8%) procedures were performed in pediatric population and 36 procedures (6.1%) in patients with CIED. Only 2 TSPs were unsuc-cessful (2/949, 0.2%). Overall procedural complication rate was 1.9% (11/586 procedures). There was only 1 TSP related pericardial tamponade (2/949, 0.2%). In CIED patients there was 1 lead dislo-cation following TSP. Conclusion Entirely ICE-guided TSPs for different left-sided tachycardias can be safely and effectively performed in adult and pediatric population without the use of fluoroscopy. However, caution is advised in CIED patients due to possible lead dislocation risk.