Intracardiac echocardiography-guided transseptal puncture for flouroless
catheter ablation of left-sided tachycardias
Introduction Integration of intracardiac echocardiography (ICE) and 3D
electroanatomic mapping (EAM) system allows transseptal punctures (TSP)
without the use of fluoroscopy. Compared to fluoroscopy, ICE provides
better visualization of the anatomy relevant to TSP and early
recognition of complications. The aim was to evaluate efficacy and
safety of entirely ICE- guided TSPs in patients who underwent fluoroless
catheter ablation of left-sided tachycardias. Methods and results
Consecutive 524 adult and pediatric patients referred to our institution
from July 2014 to December 2019 were analyzed. Patients with cardiac
implantable electronic devices (CIEDs) were also included. All
procedures were performed with ICE-guided TSP combined with 3D EAM.
Adverse events fol-lowing TSP and within 30 days of the procedure were
analyzed. Altogether 949 TSPs (363 double punctures, 76.5%) were
performed in 586 fluoroless ablation procedures: 451 (77%) were
ablation of atrial fibrillation or atypical flutter, 75 (12.8%) of
left-sided accessory pathway, 33 (5.6%) of ventricu-lar tachycardia,
and 27 (4.6%) of focal atrial tachycardia. Forty-six (7.8%) procedures
were performed in pediatric population and 36 procedures (6.1%) in
patients with CIED. Only 2 TSPs were unsuc-cessful (2/949, 0.2%).
Overall procedural complication rate was 1.9% (11/586 procedures).
There was only 1 TSP related pericardial tamponade (2/949, 0.2%). In
CIED patients there was 1 lead dislo-cation following TSP. Conclusion
Entirely ICE-guided TSPs for different left-sided tachycardias can be
safely and effectively performed in adult and pediatric population
without the use of fluoroscopy. However, caution is advised in CIED
patients due to possible lead dislocation risk.