loading page

Epidemiological Aspects of Dysphonia in Tertiary Care Hospital
  • +1
  • A H M Delwar,
  • Kishore Halder,
  • Nurul Chowdhury,
  • ABMT Hossain
A H M Delwar
Comilla Medical College
Author Profile
Kishore Halder
Abdul Malek Ukil Medical College
Author Profile
Nurul Chowdhury
Chittagong Medical College
Author Profile
ABMT Hossain
Universiti Malaysia Sabah School of Medicine
Author Profile


Objective: To find out the prevalence, etiology, risk factor, presentation and treatment option of the dysphonic people, facilitate the prevention of the risk factor of it. Study Design: Cohort retrospective study. Setting: Academic tertiary care medical center. Subjects and Methods: A total 1739 dysphonic patient’s demographic data collected and analysed who attended in the department of Otolaryngology and Head-Neck Surgery, Comilla Medical College, and Comilla Medical Centre, Bangladesh. Results: Incidence of dysphonic patient was 1.16%, and yearly prevalence 33.33%. Out of 1739, the male was 1006 (57.85%), and the female was 733 (42.15%), 50-59 years were highest presentation 488 (28.06%). Among 1739, non-specific chronic laryngitis was 1015 (58.37%), dysphonia without structural change (MTD) 417 (23.98%), and malignancy 90 (5.17%). Off them, smoker was 911 (52.39%), voice abuser 469 (26.97%), industrial worker was 477 (27.43%), teacher 359 (20.64%), singer 151 (8.68%), and slum dweller was 528 (30.36%). Presenting feature revealed hoarse voice, reduced loudness, and tiring to talk above 90%. All patients assessed by rigid Hopkin’s telescope. Non-neoplastic benign and suspected malignant lesion was 1503 (86.43), neoplastic benign and malignancy was 236 (13.57%), conservatively treated 1512 (86.43%), and surgically 227 (13.6%) treated by micro-laryngeal surgery. Conclusion: Dysphonia effect more than 33% of people at some point of life. It definitely influences the quality of life and losing the patient health and wealth. Early and effective treatment decreases the further loss.