loading page

A Novel Molecular Mechanism of Severe Congenital Factor XIII Deficiency
  • +7
  • Jingjing Han,
  • Miao Jiang,
  • Jian Su,
  • Ziqiang Yu,
  • Xia Bai,
  • Zhaoyue Wang,
  • Changgeng Ruan,
  • Lijun Xia,
  • Yanyan Bai,
  • Lijuan Cao
Jingjing Han
First Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University
Author Profile
Miao Jiang
First Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University
Author Profile
Jian Su
First Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University
Author Profile
Ziqiang Yu
First Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University
Author Profile
Xia Bai
First Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University
Author Profile
Zhaoyue Wang
First Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University
Author Profile
Changgeng Ruan
First Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University
Author Profile
Lijun Xia
First Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University
Author Profile
Yanyan Bai
University of Illinois at Chicago
Author Profile
Lijuan Cao
First Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University
Author Profile

Abstract

Coagulation factor XIII (FXIII) deficiency is a rare recessive bleeding disorder. Severe patients are caused by a complete absence of FXIIIA protein in plasma, but researches on the molecular mechanisms are limited. This study was to analyze the pathogenic mechanisms of three congenital FXIII deficiency patients. Plasma FXIII activities and antigens were significantly decreased in patients compared to healthy controls by fluorescent assay and western blot. One frameshift mutation and four missense mutations (p.Trp188Cys, p.His374Arg, p.Thr559Pro and p.His717Arg) around the catalytic core were identified. The mRNA levels of four mutants were nearly normal in COS7 cells, and the FXIIIA protein could be detected in cell lysis but not be expressed in the supernatant. Confocal microscopy studies showed clear outlines of cells with both wild FXIII and mutants, but some mutants gathered into clusters neither in the endoplasmic reticulum nor in the Golgi apparatus of cytoplasm, compared to the diffusely-distributed wild FXIII. Considering the above, we concluded that the three cases of FXIII deficiency were caused by p.Trp188Cys, p.His374Arg, p.Thr559Pro and p.His717Arg mutations in FXIIIA gene, which led to the gathering of FXIIIA in cytoplasm and then blocking its transportation into medium.