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Constrictive Pericarditis and Tuberculosis: Is It Worth More Attention?
  • Dong Wang,
  • Xue Sun,
  • Ying Zhang
Xue Sun
Shengjing Hospital of China Medical University
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Ying Zhang
Shengjing Hospital of China Medical University
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Abstract

Constrictive pericarditis (CP) characterized by the presence of a thick, fibrotic and/or calcified non-compliant pericardium limits diastolic filling and forces one side of the heart to fill at the expense of the other side. CP results in right heart failure and even reconstruction of the heart, especially for CP caused by tuberculosis (TB). As the leading cause of CP, TB is affecting the management of CP from many aspects, which contributes to high morbidity and mortality. The purpose of this manuscript is to: (1)Review the etiology, epidemiology, pathophysiology, diagnosis, treatment of tuberculosis constrictive pericarditis (TBCP); (2)Review animal models for CP or pericarditis through different methods; (3)Remind us that more research should be done for TBCP.