Livelihood diversification among artisanal sand dredgers in Abeokuta,
Ogun State, Nigeria
The need for sustainable livelihood is compelling many artisanal sand
dredgers to engage in other economic activities to augment the income
from sand dredging which is affected by the season. The study showed
that most respondents (59.2%) were female while 82.6% of the
respondents were married. The literacy level was low among the
respondents with 43.9% had primary education. The study revealed that
86.2% of artisanal sand dredgers engaged in other economic activities.
The averages of working day per week for sand dredging and other
economic activities were 4.2 days and 3.0days respectively. The average
income earned per month from sand dredging and other economic activities
were ₦50229.27 and ₦31023.76 respectively. Sand dredging activity
contributed 65.7% of the total income of respondent while other
economic activities contributed 34.3%. There was fair income
diversification (0.46) among respondents. Age of the respondents,
household size, sand dredging income and family labour were the factors
that influenced extent of livelihood diversification in the study area.
The intervention of NGOs by encouraging the sand dredgers in their
diversification efforts through training and retraining in small scale
enterprises of their choice will help to reduce pressure on sand
dredging and thus saving the aquatic habitats.