Robotic-assisted Cardiac Surgery without Aortic Cross-clamping: A Safe
Background and Aim: Attempting to place an aortic cross-clamp
may complicate surgery and post operative outcomes in patients who have
mediastinal adhesions or in those with extensive aortic calcification.
Although right sided cardiac surgery via thoracotomy is not a new
technique in these patients, robotic-assisted intracardiac repair
without cross-clamping was not reported in a large group of patients
previously. In this study, the safety of robotic-assisted cardiac
surgery without aortic cross-clamping was examined. Methods:
From January 2010 to March 2020, 304 patients underwent robotic-assisted
cardiac surgery in our center and in 25 of these patients (8.2%) with a
mean age of 65.5±20 years myocardial protection was succeeded with
moderate hypothermic ventricular fibrillatory arrest. Severe pericardial
adhesions or existence of highly calcified ascending aorta were the
indications for fibrillatory arrest during robotic assistant surgery.
Results: Most patients were in NYHA class ≥II (88.0%) and mean
logistic Euroscore value was 18.5±22.3. The type of the operations were
mitral/tricuspid valve repair/replacement, Cryoablation, ASD closure and
pericardiectomy. CPB times were 141.5±47 (min 77- max 252) minutes.
There was no case of conversion to open thoracotomy or sternotomy.
Hemiparesis was observed in one patient. Two patients with 78.2 and 81.9
Euroscore values had mesenteric ischemia and multi-organ failure,
respectively, and died at postoperative period. Conclusions:
Robotic-assisted cardiac surgery without cross-clamping may provide
reasonable outcomes in patients with severe aortic calcification or
mediastinal adhesions undergoing intracardiac repair. These acceptable
outcomes may encourage surgeons to perform this approach in appropriate
group of patients.