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Trans-oral versus trans-nasal approach in office-based laryngeal biopsy; a cohort-selection cross-sectional diagnostic accuracy study.
  • Ahmed Refaat,
  • Ahmed Negm
Ahmed Refaat
Ain Shams University Faculty of Medicine
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Ahmed Negm
Misr University for Science and Technology College of Medicine
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Abstract

Objective: The aim of this study is to explore the accuracy of two different approaches; trans-oral versus trans-nasal office-based laryngeal biopsy. Methods: The study was a cohort-selection cross-sectional study that included all patients aged 18 years or more with suspicious lesions of the larynx or the oropharynx who came to the outpatient clinic [removed for blind peer review], due to different reasons during the period of March 2017 and March 2020. Full evaluation was done using Flexible naso-endoscope with distal chip. Patients with suspicious lesions were referred for office-based-based biopsy; either trans-nasal biopsy or trans-oral biopsy; to determine whether the lesion was malignant or benign. Then, all patients were referred for subsequent direct laryngoscopy for definitive diagnosis. Both groups were compared for all demographic variables as well as clinic-pathologic variables and for diagnostic accuracy. Results: The overall sample was 60 cases; 30 in each group. Both groups are comparable with regard the age and gender (p-values > 0.05). The majority in both groups are smokers (83.3 & 76.7%). The most frequent cause of referral for biopsy was suspicious laryngeal mass in both groups; mentioned in 80.0% of both groups (p-value 0.736). The number of biopsies obtained was significantly higher in the trans-oral group (3.7 ± 1.0) than in the trans-nasal group (3.1 ± 0.9), (p-value = 0.013). Both approaches were tolerated by all patients with few limited aspiration or epistaxis. The trans-oral approach has a higher Chohen kappa index (0.79) than the trans-nasal approach (0.14). Also, it has got higher diagnostic accuracy (93.3%) than the trans-nasal approach (50.0%). The sensitivity of trans-oral approach biopsies compared with that of direct laryngoscopy biopsies was 95.8% and the specificity was 83.3%. On the other hand, the sensitivity of trans-nasal approach biopsies compared with that of direct laryngoscopy biopsies was 26.3% and the specificity was 90.9%. Conclusion: The trans-oral approach to obtain a biopsy from the upper aero-digestive tract has better diagnostic accuracy than the trans-nasal approach. When combined with trans-nasal visualization and transcricothyroid anesthesia. Succinct Keypoints: Trans-nasal approach; trans-oral approach; office-based laryngeal biopsy; sensitivity; specificity; diagnostic accura