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Prevalence and predictors of psychological response during immediate covid-19 pandemia
  • +8
  • Neslihan Cansel,
  • İlknur Ucuz,
  • Ahmet Kadir Arslan,
  • Burcu Kayhan Tetik,
  • Cemil Colak,
  • Şahide Nur İpek Melez,
  • RAZİYE GÜMÜŞTAKIM,
  • Sinem Ceylan ,
  • Güzin Zeren Öztürk,
  • Yasemin Kılıç Öztürk ,
  • Dursun Çadırcı
Neslihan Cansel
Inonu University School of Medicine
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İlknur Ucuz
Inonu University School of Medicine
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Ahmet Kadir Arslan
Inonu University
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Burcu Kayhan Tetik
Inonu University
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Cemil Colak
Inonu Universitesi Tip fakultesi
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Şahide Nur İpek Melez
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RAZİYE GÜMÜŞTAKIM
Kahramanmaras Sutcu Imam University - Avsar Campus
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Sinem Ceylan
Ankara Medipol University
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Güzin Zeren Öztürk
Şişli Hamidiye Etfal Eğitim ve Araştırma Hastanesi
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Yasemin Kılıç Öztürk
Izmir Tepecik Training and Research Hospital
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Dursun Çadırcı
Harran University
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Abstract

Purpose: COVID-19 pandemic has created a serious psychological impact worldwide since it has been declared. This study aims to investigate the level of psychological impacts of COVID-19 pandemic on Turkish population and to determine related factors. Methods: The study was carried out by using an online questionnaire using the virtual snowball sampling method. The sociodemographic data were collected on the following subjects: Participants’ experience on any signs of infection within the last month, the history of COVID-19 contact-treatment-quarantine, level of compliance with precautionary measures, the sources of information and level of knowledge about the pandemic process and their belief levels on the knowledge they acquire. Besides, questions that take place in the depression, anxiety, stress scale (DASS-21), and impact of events scale (IESR) were asked. Results: Of the 3549 participants, anxiety was found in 15.8%, depression in 22.6%, stress in 12.9%, and psychological trauma in 20.29%. Female gender, young age, higher education level, being single, high monthly income, presence of psychiatric illness, a high number of people living together, having any signs of infection, and contact history with COVID-19 infected person or contaminated object are identified as risk factors that may increase psychological impact. Compliance with the rules was found to reduce the risk of psychological response. Conclusions: During the pandemic, reducing the spread of the virus and knowing the risk factors in protecting the mental health of individuals will be guided in determining the measures to be followed and the policies to be followed.

Peer review status:POSTED

17 Aug 2020Submitted to International Journal of Clinical Practice
17 Aug 2020Assigned to Editor
17 Aug 2020Submission Checks Completed