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The life outcomes of children during COVID-19:  Exploring the protective roles of the joint and nuclear families in India            
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  • Gyanesh Kumar Tiwari,
  • Raghavendra Prasad Tiwari,
  • Rakesh Pandey,
  • Bablu Ray,
  • Abhigyan Dwivedi,
  • Devaki Nandan Sharma,
  • Pankaj Singh,
  • Ajay Kumar Tiwari
Gyanesh Kumar Tiwari
Department of Psychology, School of Humanities & Social Sciences, Doctor Harisingh Gour Vishwavidyalaya, Sagar, 470003, Madhya Pradesh, India, Email: gyaneshpsychology@gmail.com
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Raghavendra Prasad Tiwari
Vice-Chancellor, Doctor Harisingh Gour Vishwavidyalaya, Sagar, 470003, Madhya Pradesh, India, Email: mzurpt@gmail.com
Rakesh Pandey
Department of Psychology, Faculty of Social Sciences, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi, 221005, Uttar Pradesh, India, Email: rpandeybhu@gmail.com
Bablu Ray
Department of Linguistics, School of Languages, Doctor Harisingh Gour Vishwavidyalaya, Sagar, 470003, Madhya Pradesh, India, Email: babluray@gmail.com
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Abhigyan Dwivedi
Department of Linguistics, School of Languages, Doctor Harisingh Gour Vishwavidyalaya, Sagar, 470003, Madhya Pradesh, India, Email: abhigyan5983@gmail.com
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Devaki Nandan Sharma
Department of Psychology, School of Humanities & Social Sciences, Doctor Harisingh Gour Vishwavidyalaya, Sagar, 470003, Madhya Pradesh, India Email: devesh1110@gmail.com
Pankaj Singh
Department of History, School of Humanities & Social Sciences, Doctor Harisingh Gour Vishwavidyalaya, Sagar, 470003, Madhya Pradesh, India, Email: drpankajsingh77@gmail.com
Ajay Kumar Tiwari
Naisubah Institute of Mental Health and Behavioral Sciences, Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh, India, Email: ajay.naisubah@gmail.com

Abstract

Using a qualitative approach, we explored the protective roles of joint and nuclear families in shaping the life outcomes of children during COVID-19. Sixteen full-time mothers of children aged 9-12 years (8 each from joint and nuclear families) were interviewed and thematic analysis revealed five major themes viz., negative impacts, differences in positive engagement, emotional protective roles, promotion of positive health habits and activity management. Findings suggest that joint families carry more resources to positively engage their children in creativity, studies, exercise and entertainment as compared to nuclear families. Contrary to nuclear families, joint families gave emphasis to resolve emotional grievances, promote positive emotional engagement and support emotionally. The joint and nuclear families also differed in attending food habits, health grievances and physical exercise of children. The joint families played more positive roles in managing play behaviours, sleep habits, television watching and other activities of children compared to nuclear families.
Keywords: children; COVID-19; joint family; life outcomes; nuclear family; thematic analysis.