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Short-term outcomes of benign paroxysmal positional vertigo with and without sudden sensorineural hearing loss: a retrospective study
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  • Hainan Cao,
  • Xian Gao,
  • Jun Su,
  • Haiping Duan,
  • Wen Jiang
Hainan Cao
Qingdao Municipal Hospital Group
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Xian Gao
Qingdao Municipal Hospital Group
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Jun Su
Zhejiang Chinese Medical University
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Haiping Duan
Qingdao Municipal Center for Disease Control and Prevention
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Wen Jiang
Xuzhou Medical University
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Abstract

Objective: This study aimed to investigate the outcome of adults with benign paroxysmal positional vertigo(BPPV)secondary to sudden sensorineural hearing loss(SSNHL). Methods: A retrospective study was conducted in patients with evidence of idiopathic BPPV or SSNHL with BPPV . All participants were identified and categorized by using the Dix-Hallpike test and roll test, followed by canalith repositioning procedures (CRPs) that were repeated 2 to 3 times. Assessment of the outcome was conducted one-hour and one-week post-CRPs, respectively. Results Six-four adults with BPPV secondary to SSNHL and 328 adults with idiopathic BPPV were included. The posterior canal was the most affected in both groups. At one-hour posttreatment, the cured rate of the BPPV with SSNHL group was 45.31%, which was significantly lower than that of the i-BPPV group (94.82%, P<0.01). At one-week posttreatment, the cured rate of the BPPV with SSNHL group was 66.67%,which was significantly lower than that of the i-BPPV group (98.78%, P<0.01). Conclusions BPPV with SSNHL was associated with poorer outcomes than i-BPPV in the short term.

Peer review status:UNDER REVIEW

16 Aug 2020Submitted to Clinical Otolaryngology
24 Aug 2020Submission Checks Completed
24 Aug 2020Assigned to Editor
10 Sep 2020Review(s) Completed, Editorial Evaluation Pending
12 Sep 2020Editorial Decision: Revise Minor
14 Sep 20201st Revision Received
16 Sep 2020Submission Checks Completed
16 Sep 2020Assigned to Editor
19 Sep 2020Review(s) Completed, Editorial Evaluation Pending