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Ligation of Patent Ductus Arteriosus via Anterior Thoracotomy in Preterm Infants: 10-Year Experience
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  • Arif Selcuk,
  • Murat Çiçek,
  • Okan Yurdakök,
  • Yiğit Kılıç,
  • Filiz İzgi Coşkun,
  • Hasan Erdem,
  • Turkay Sarıtas,
  • Emine Hekim Yilmaz,
  • Oktay Korun,
  • Firat Altin,
  • Ahmet Sasmazel,
  • Numan Aydemir
Arif Selcuk
Dr Siyami Ersek Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery Training and Research Hospital
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Murat Çiçek
Doktor Siyami Ersek Gogus Kalp ve Damar Cerrahisi Egitim ve Arastirma Hastanesi
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Okan Yurdakök
Dr Siyami Ersek Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery Training and Research Hospital
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Yiğit Kılıç
Dr Siyami Ersek Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery Training and Research Hospital
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Filiz İzgi Coşkun
Dr Siyami Ersek Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery Training and Research Hospital
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Hasan Erdem
Kartal Kosuyolu Training and Research Hospital
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Turkay Sarıtas
Istanbul Medipol University
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Emine Hekim Yilmaz
Dr Siyami Ersek Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery Training and Research Hospital
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Oktay Korun
Dr Siyami Ersek Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery Training and Research Hospital
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Firat Altin
Dr Siyami Ersek Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery Training and Research Hospital
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Ahmet Sasmazel
Dr Siyami Ersek Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery Training and Research Hospital
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Numan Aydemir
Dr Siyami Ersek Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery Training and Research Hospital
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Abstract

BACKGROUND The aim of this study is to describe the short-term and mid-term outcomes of the preterm infants who underwent patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) ligation in by anterior mini-thoracotomy. METHODS Data of 103 preterm infants who underwent PDA ligation by anterior mini-thoracotomy between 2009 and 2019 were retrospectively reviewed. PDA was clipped through an anterior mini-thoracotomy at the 2nd intercostal space. Outcomes were defined according to complications, morbidity and mortality rates within the postoperative 30 days and one year. RESULTS The median weight of the patients during the operation was 900 (IQR800–1125 g) grams and the lowest body weight was 460 grams. The median age at the operation was 21 (IQR14,5–29 days) days. In three patients (3%) there was intraoperative bleeding from the PDA that required transition to median sternotomy. In one patient (1%) residual PDA was seen and this patient was reoperated on the 4th postoperative day. One patient (1%) underwent surgical revision for chylothorax and chylomediastinum causing late cardiac tamponade on the 26th postoperative day. Twelve patients (12%) died in the first 30 days postoperatively. Six patients (6%) died between the thirtieth day and a year. CONCLUSIONS After a decade and over a hundred patients with PDA ligation through anterior mini-thoracotomy in preterm infants is still the main procedure of choice in this patient group in our clinic. Our outcomes demonstrate the safety of this approach and we believe that it can be reproducible.

Peer review status:UNDER REVIEW

06 Sep 2020Submitted to Journal of Cardiac Surgery
07 Sep 2020Assigned to Editor
07 Sep 2020Submission Checks Completed
08 Sep 2020Reviewer(s) Assigned
01 Oct 2020Review(s) Completed, Editorial Evaluation Pending