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Adoptive Transfer of Immunomodulatory M2 Macrophages Suppresses Experimental Autoimmune Encephalomyelitis in C57BL/6 Mice via Blockading NF-κb Pathway
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  • Mingchao Shi,
  • Fengna Chu,
  • Yue Lang,
  • Chao Zheng,
  • Tao Jin,
  • Li Cui,
  • Jie Zhu
Mingchao Shi
Jilin University First Hospital
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Fengna Chu
Jilin University First Hospital
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Yue Lang
Jilin University First Hospital
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Chao Zheng
First Hospital of Jilin University
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Tao Jin
First Hospital of Jilin University
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Li Cui
Jilin University First Hospital
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Jie Zhu
Jilin University First Hospital
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Abstract

Objectives: The aims of the study were to further elucidate the roles of M1 and M2 macrophages in the pathogenesis of EAE and the effects of treatment with M2 macrophages that target certain pro-inflammatory cytokines and with immunomodulatory preparations that beneficially influence the disease course should be in focus of future therapeutic trials. Results: Enhanced the total number of macrophages at the onset of clinical signs in the EAE group, consistent with an increased proportion of M1 cells and low numbers of M2 cells. As the disease progressed and the symptoms worsened, M1 cells were decreased and M2 cells were gradually increased till the peak. In the recovery stage, M2 cell numbers were gradually decreased. Treatment with M2 macrophages inhibited the NF-κb pathway, alleviated the symptoms of EAE, reduced inflammatory cell infiltration and demyelination in the central nervous system, and decreased the numbers of macrophages in the spleens. BAY-11-7082, an NF-κb blocking agent, could reduce the total number of macrophages both in vivo and in vitro, effectively prevented the EAE development, and significantly inhibited the symptoms EAE in mice. Conclusions: Macrophages may play a crucial role in the pathogenesis of EAE, while M2 macrophages have anti-inflammatory effects. Transfer of M2 macrophages to EAE mice can block the NF-κb pathway successfully and relieve the EAE symptoms. Application of NF-κb blockers is useful in the prevention and treatment of EAE.

Peer review status:POSTED

04 Sep 2020Submitted to Clinical & Experimental Immunology
04 Sep 2020Assigned to Editor
04 Sep 2020Submission Checks Completed