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A rare case of a spontaneous lung pseudocyst in a child.
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  • Meryline Ndlovu,
  • Stanley Thula,
  • Refiloe Masekela,
  • Prakash Jeena
Meryline Ndlovu
University of KwaZulu-Natal
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Stanley Thula
University of KwaZulu-Natal College of Health Sciences
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Refiloe Masekela
University of KwaZulu-Natal College of Health Sciences
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Prakash Jeena
University of KwaZulu-Natal College of Health Sciences
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Abstract

A pulmonary pseudocyst is defined as a cyst that lacks respiratory epithelial cells. Lung pseudocysts are rare lesions in children and their classification is usually combined with other parenchymal cystic lesions. The distinction between a pseudo and a true cyst is difficult to distinguish both in utero and postnatally and can only be achieved on histology. Radiological investigations such as x-ray and computed tomography are equally non-specific. Most literature focuses on pseudocysts in adults particularly following blunt or penetrating chest trauma. In this report, we narrate a case of a lung pseudocyst initially misdiagnosed as a congenital lobar over-inflation in a child who presented with progressive shortness of breath and failure to thrive