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Fatigue performance of laser shock peened Ti6Al4V and Al6061-T6 alloys
  • +2
  • Niroj Maharjan,
  • Shi Ying Chan,
  • Thivyaa Ramesh,
  • Puay Nai,
  • Dennise Ardi
Niroj Maharjan
Agency for Science Technology and Research
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Shi Ying Chan
Agency for Science Technology and Research
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Thivyaa Ramesh
Agency for Science Technology and Research
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Puay Nai
Tyrida International Pte Ltd
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Dennise Ardi
Agency for Science Technology and Research
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Abstract

Propagation of fatigue crack in laser shock peened metallic component is retarded by introduction of deep compressive residual stresses during the process. Apart from large compressive residual stress build-up near the surface, surface topography is also significantly altered during laser shock peening. However, a systematic evaluation of the individual effects of residual stresses and surface topography as well as their interaction effects on fatigue crack initiation and growth is still lacking. This study investigates the effect of laser shock peening on near surface properties of Ti6Al4V and Al6061-T6 alloys and how these changes dictate their overall fatigue performance. The results show that both surface residual stresses and surface topography influence the fatigue life of a component. It is found that fatigue life of Ti6Al4V alloy increased by at least 1.28 times after laser shock peening. In contrast, the improvement is minimal for Al6061-T6 alloy due to the surface roughening effect introduced by laser peening which results in early crack initiation and negates the beneficial effect of compressive residual stresses.