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Side effects of triazoles on treated crops
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  • Michal Jakl,
  • Sanja Ćavar Zeljković,
  • Ishak Kovač,
  • Kateřina Bělonožníková,
  • Jana Jaklová Dytrtová
Michal Jakl
Czech University of Life Sciences Prague Faculty of Agrobiology Food and Natural Resources
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Sanja Ćavar Zeljković
Palacky University Olomouc Faculty of Science
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Ishak Kovač
Institute of Organic Chemistry and Biochemistry Czech Academy of Sciences
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Kateřina Bělonožníková
Charles University Faculty of Science
Jana Jaklová Dytrtová
Institute of Organic Chemistry and Biochemistry Czech Academy of Sciences
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Abstract

Triazolic fungicides are widely applied in crop production to protect plants against fungal pathogens. However, they may influence the biochemical processes in plants and other non-target species. This paper is aimed at the effect of triazoles (namely tebuconazole, cyproconazole, and penconazole) single/mixed applications on the phenolics production in tomato (Solanum lycopersicum L.) fruit peel, amount of chlorophyll a and b in tomato leaves as well as on basic plant growth parameters. For this purpose, cherry tomatoes were planted in the pot experiment and foliarly-treated weekly, with the same total triazoles dose of 3.52 μmol per plant (in mixtures of 1.71 or 1.17 μmol of each in two or three components, respectively). The treatments increased the weight of fruits in the 1st harvest about 43%, however, this effect was not observed in the next harvest. Increased oxidative stress in the triazoles presence was observed, based on the elevated production of antioxidant phenolics in the 1st harvest. Most alarming is the decrease of the weight of thin stems and foliage and the concentration of chlorophyll a (b) in leaves in all triazoles-treated variants. The non-target impacts on plant biochemical processes (related to the phenolics or chlorophylls production and functionality) were confirmed.

Peer review status:Published

Aug 2021Published in Chemosphere volume 277 on pages 130242. 10.1016/j.chemosphere.2021.130242