loading page

Clinical Feeding Evaluation and Videofluoroscopy: An Integrative Approach to Feeding Management in Children with Suspected Aspiration
  • +7
  • Patrick Stafler,
  • Khaled Akel,
  • Yuliana Eshel,
  • Adi Shimoni,
  • Sylvia Grozovsky,
  • Meir Mei-Zahav,
  • Hagit Levine,
  • Yulia Gendler,
  • Hannah Blau,
  • Dario Prais
Patrick Stafler
Schneider Children's Medical Center of Israel
Author Profile
Khaled Akel
Schneider Children's Medical Center of Israel
Author Profile
Yuliana Eshel
Schneider Children's Medical Center of Israel
Author Profile
Adi Shimoni
Schneider Children's Medical Center of Israel
Author Profile
Sylvia Grozovsky
Schneider Children's Medical Center of Israel
Author Profile
Meir Mei-Zahav
Schneider Childrens Medical Center of Israel
Author Profile
Hagit Levine
Schneider Children’s Medical Center
Author Profile
Yulia Gendler
Schneider Children's Medical Center of Israel
Author Profile
Hannah Blau
Schneider Children's Medical Center of Israel
Author Profile
Dario Prais
Schneider Children's Medical Center of Israel
Author Profile

Abstract

Background Video fluoroscopy swallow studies (VFSS) are considered gold standard for the diagnosis of aspiration in children but require resources and radiation compared to clinical feeding evaluation (CFE). We evaluated their added value for diagnosis, feeding management and clinical status. Methods A retrospective single-center cohort study of children aged 0-18 years, referred for VFSS at a tertiary pediatric hospital. Results 113 children, median age (range) 2.2 years (0.1-17.9) successfully completed VFSS. Forty-six (41%) had oropharyngeal aspiration, 9 (8%) overt alone and 37 (33%) including silent aspirations. Underlying medical conditions included clinically suspected aspiration lung disease (ALD), 87 (77%); neurologic disease, 73 (64%); gastrointestinal disease, 73 (64%) and congenital heart disease, 42 (37%), not mutually exclusive. Those with ALD or cerebral palsy were more likely to have aspiration by VFSS, OR 3.2 and 9.8 respectively. Sensitivity and specificity of CFE for VFSS diagnosis of aspiration were 71% and 84% respectively. Feeding recommendations after VFSS differed significantly from those based on prior CFE, p<0.001: The rate of exclusively orally fed children increased from 65% to 79%, p=0.006 and exclusively enterally fed children from 10% to 14%; p=0.005. During the following year, there were significantly less antibiotic courses, as well as total and respiratory admissions. Conclusions In this population of children with a high prevalence of clinically suspected ALD, VFSS refined diagnosis and altered feeding management compared to CFE, with subsequent clinical improvement.