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Northern landscapes in transition; evidence, approach and ways forward using the Krycklan Catchment Study
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  • Hjalmar Laudon,
  • Eliza Maher Hasselquist,
  • Matthias Peichl,
  • Kim Lindgren,
  • Ryan Sponseller,
  • Fredrick Lidman,
  • Lenka Kuglerova,
  • Niles Hasselquist,
  • Kevin Bishop,
  • Mats Nilsson,
  • Anneli Ågren
Hjalmar Laudon
Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences
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Eliza Maher Hasselquist
Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences
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Matthias Peichl
Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences
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Kim Lindgren
Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences
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Ryan Sponseller
Umeå University
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Fredrick Lidman
Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences Faculty of Forest Sciences
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Lenka Kuglerova
Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences
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Niles Hasselquist
Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences
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Kevin Bishop
SLU Institutionen for vatten och miljo
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Mats Nilsson
Sveriges Lantbruksuniversitet Institutionen for Skogens Ekolog och Skotsel
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Anneli Ågren
Sveriges Lantbruksuniversitet Institutionen for Skogens Ekolog och Skotsel
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Abstract

Improving our ability to detect changes in terrestrial and aquatic systems is a grand challenge in the environmental sciences. In a world experiencing increasingly rapid rates of climate change and ecosystem transformation, our ability to understand and predict how, when, where and why changes occur is essential for adapting and mitigating human behaviors. In this context, long-term field research infrastructures have a fundamentally important role to play. For northern boreal landscapes, the Krycklan Catchment Study (KCS) has supported monitoring and research aimed at revealing these changes since it was initiated in 1980. Early studies focused on forest regeneration and microclimatic conditions, nutrient balances and forest hydrology, which included monitoring climate variables, water balance components, and stream water chemistry. The research infrastructure has expanded over the years to encompass a 6790 ha catchment, which currently includes 10 gauged streams, ca. 1000 soil lysimeters, 150 groundwater wells, >500 permanent forest inventory plots, and a 150 meter tall tower (a combined ecosystem-atmosphere station; ICOS, Integrated Carbon Observation System) for measurements of atmospheric gas concentrations and biosphere-atmosphere exchanges of carbon, water, and energy. In addition to field infrastructures, the KCS has also been the focus of numerous high resolution multi-spectral LiDAR measurements. This large collection of equipment and data generation supports a range of disciplinary studies, but more importantly fosters multi-, trans-, and interdisciplinary research opportunities. The KCS attracts a broad collection of scientists, including biogeochemists, ecologists, foresters, geologists, hydrologists, limnologists, soil scientists and social scientists, and many others bringing their knowledge and experience to the site. The combination of long-term monitoring, shorter-term research projects, and large-scale experiments, including manipulations of climate and various forest management practices have contributed much to our understanding of the boreal landscapes functioning, while also supporting the development of models and guidelines for research, policy and management.

Peer review status:Published

28 Sep 2020Submitted to Hydrological Processes
30 Sep 2020Submission Checks Completed
30 Sep 2020Assigned to Editor
30 Sep 2020Reviewer(s) Assigned
24 Nov 2020Review(s) Completed, Editorial Evaluation Pending
30 Dec 2020Editorial Decision: Revise Minor
17 Jan 20211st Revision Received
18 Jan 2021Reviewer(s) Assigned
18 Jan 2021Submission Checks Completed
18 Jan 2021Assigned to Editor
22 Mar 2021Review(s) Completed, Editorial Evaluation Pending
31 Mar 2021Editorial Decision: Accept
Apr 2021Published in Hydrological Processes volume 35 issue 4. 10.1002/hyp.14170