The aim of this study was to describe the occurrence, angulation and
mesialization ratio of the ectopic eruption of the maxillary permanent
first molar (PFM) and its correlation with the pathological resorption
of maxillary primary second molar (PSM). This retrospective study was
performed using the panoramic radiographs of 11.924 child patients aged
6–10 years. Ectopic eruption status is categorized as self-corrected
and impacted types. To evaluate the differences between the two groups
(self-corrected and impacted), the angulation of PFM, mesialization
ratio of PFM, and degree of adjacent PSM root resorption were also
assessed. The data were statistically analyzed using ANOVA and
chi-square tests. Pearson correlation was used to analyze whether a
quantitative relationship exists between PFM mesialization ratio and PSM
root resorption. Ectopic eruption frequency was determined as 0.83%.
The distribution of ectopic eruption according to gender shows a higher
prevalence in males than females. In most of the eruption status of
cases with ectopic eruption were impacted. The impacted PFMs showed more
negative vertical and positive horizontal angle between the PSM and PFM.
There was no significantly difference eruption status and angles.
Mesialization ratio of impacted PFMs were significantly higher than
self-corrected PFMs. There was significant difference between the PFM
mesialization ratio and the degree of PSM root resorption. Early
diagnosis and detailed imaging techniques evaluation are important to
prevent premature loss of arch size.