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The correlation of monocyte to high-density lipoprotein ratio with uric acid and possible atherosclerotic pathway in patients treated with isotretinoin
  • Nurcan Metin,
  • Cagri Turan
Nurcan Metin
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Cagri Turan
Erzurum Training and Research Hospital
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Abstract

Purpose: We aimed to reveal the relationship of uric acid with MHR and other inflammatory markers acne patients before and after isotretinoin treatment. In this way, we can try to shed light on the relationship between isotretinoin treatment and atherosclerosis. Methods: Two hundred twenty-four acne patients who administered isotretinoin (0.5-1 mg/kg/day) were enrolled in the study. In the pre-treatment phase and 3 months after treatment, MHR, SUA, mean platelet volume, plateletcrit, neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio (NLR), platelet-lymphocyte ratio, monocyte-lymphocyte ratio, serum triglyceride, total cholesterol, high-density lipoprotein (HDL), and low-density lipoprotein (LDL) levels of the patients were analyzed. Results: Compared to the pre-treatment phase, three months after treatment, there was a statistically decrease in neutrophil count and an increase in lymphocyte count (p: 0.002, p: 0.011; respectively). Accordingly, there was a statistically significant decrease in NLR (p: 0.001). It was noteworthy that MHR and SUA levels increased significantly (p: 0.042, p: 0.010; respectively) and there was a positive correlation between SUA level and MHR (r: 0.212, p: 0.012). Serum total cholesterol, LDL, and triglyceride levels increased and HDL levels decreased significantly after treatment (p: 0,001). Conclusion: This study contributes to the comprehension of the relationship between isotretinoin treatment and atherosclerosis, which has been frequently reported in the literature. It was thought that the isotretinoin-induced uric acid increase might be related to dyslipidemia. Isotretinoin may initiate the atherosclerotic process in vascular endothelial and smooth muscles, with uric acid increase and HDL decrease. An increase in MHR is also an inflammatory marker indicating this process.