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Incidence, electrophysiological characteristics, and long-term follow-up of perimitral atrial flutter in patients with previously confirmed mitral isthmus block
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  • Panagiotis Ioannidis,
  • Evangelia Christoforatou,
  • Theodoros Zografos,
  • Panagiotis Charalambopoulos,
  • Konstantinos Kouvelas,
  • Theodora Kappou,
  • Andreas Tsoumeleas,
  • Sotirios Floros,
  • Dimitrios Tagoulis,
  • Ioannis Ntarladimas,
  • Maria Kalantzi,
  • Ioannis Tagoulis,
  • Elias Eleftheriades,
  • Dimitrios Avzotis,
  • Antonis Manolis,
  • Charalambos Vassilopoulos
Panagiotis Ioannidis
Athens Bioclinic
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Evangelia Christoforatou
Athens Bioclinic
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Theodoros Zografos
Athens Bioclinic
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Panagiotis Charalambopoulos
Athens Bioclinic
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Konstantinos Kouvelas
Athens Bioclinic
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Theodora Kappou
Athens Bioclinic
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Andreas Tsoumeleas
Athens Bioclinic
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Sotirios Floros
Athens Bioclinic
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Dimitrios Tagoulis
Athens Bioclinic
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Ioannis Ntarladimas
Athens Bioclinic
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Maria Kalantzi
Athens Bioclinic
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Ioannis Tagoulis
Red Cross Hospital
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Elias Eleftheriades
Athens Bioclinic
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Dimitrios Avzotis
Athens Bioclinic
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Antonis Manolis
Athens University School of Medicine
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Charalambos Vassilopoulos
Athens Bioclinic
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Abstract

Introduction: After mitral isthmus (ΜΙ) catheter ablation, perimitral atrial flutter (PMF) circuits can be maintained due to the preservation of residual myocardial connections, even if conventional pacing criteria for complete MI block are apparently met (MI pseudo-block). We aimed to study the incidence, the electrophysiological characteristics, and the long-term outcome of these patients. Methods and Results: Seventy-two consecutive patients (mean age 62.4±10.2, 62.5% male) underwent MI ablation, either as part of an atrial fibrillation (AF) ablation strategy (n=35), or to treat clinical reentrant atrial tachycardia (AT) (n=32), or to treat AT that occurred during ablation for AF (n=5). Ιn all patients the electrophysiological characteristics of PMF circuits were studied by high-density mapping. MI block was successfully achieved in 69/72 patients (95.6%). Five patients developed PMF after confirming MI block. In these patients, high-density mapping during the PMF showed a breakthrough in MI with extremely low impulse conduction velocity (CV). In contrast, in usual PMF circuits that occurred after AF ablation, the lower CV of the reentrant circuit was of significantly higher value (0.07±0.02m/s vs 0.25±0.07m/s, respectively; P<0.001). Patients presented with clinical AT had better prognosis in maintaining sinus rhythm after MI ablation compared with patients presented with AF. Conclusion: PMF with MI pseudo-block may be present after MI ablation and has specific electrophysiological features characterized by remarkably slow CV in the MI. Thus, even after MI block is achieved, a more detailed mapping in the boundaries of the ablation line or reinduction attempts may be needed to exclude residual conduction.

Peer review status:Published

12 May 2021Published in Journal of Arrhythmia. 10.1002/joa3.12545