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ABO Blood Groups in Covid-19 Patients; Cross-sectional study
  • Ihsan Solmaz,
  • Songül Araç
Ihsan Solmaz
Diyarbakir Gazi Yasargil Training and Research Hospital
Author Profile
Songül Araç
Diyarbakir Gazi Yasargil Training and Research Hospital
Author Profile

Abstract

Aim: The aim of this study was to investigate the ABO and Rh blood group distribution and clinical characteristics in patients with Covid-19. Materials and Methods: The clinical characteristics and blood groups of 1667 patients who were hospitalized due to Covid-19 (with a positive PCR test) between 16 March and 10 July were reviewed cross-sectionally.. Results: When blood groups of patients diagnosed with Covid-19 and control group were compared, it was observed that there was increase in the number of Covid-19 patients with blood groups A and AB, decrease in the number of Covid-19 patients with blood group O, a statistically significant increase in the number of individuals with blood group A in Covid-19 patients compared to healthy individuals, and almost significant increase in the number of Covid-19 patients with blood group AB and a very significant decrease in the number of Covid-19 patients with blood group O. Conclusion: Our study has found that having blood group O may be protective, that blood group A may have greater susceptibility to the disease, but this does not affect the course of the disease and is not associated with mortality.

Peer review status:Published

22 Oct 2020Submitted to International Journal of Clinical Practice
23 Oct 2020Assigned to Editor
23 Oct 2020Submission Checks Completed
10 Nov 2020Reviewer(s) Assigned
25 Nov 2020Review(s) Completed, Editorial Evaluation Pending
01 Dec 2020Editorial Decision: Accept
Apr 2021Published in International Journal of Clinical Practice volume 75 issue 4. 10.1111/ijcp.13927