loading page

Soil physicochemical property and arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi resilience to degradation and deforestation of a dry evergreen Afromontane forest in central Ethiopia
  • +1
  • Fisseha Asmelash,
  • Tamrat Bekele,
  • Zerihun Belay,
  • Fassil Kebede
Fisseha Asmelash
Ethiopian Biodiversity Institute
Author Profile
Tamrat Bekele
Addis Ababa University Faculty of Science
Author Profile
Zerihun Belay
Adama Science and Technology University
Author Profile
Fassil Kebede
Mohammed VI Polythechnic University
Author Profile

Abstract

We investigated the soil physicochemical property and arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) resilience to degradation and deforestation of the Chilimo dry evergreen Afromontane forest. Topsoil (1-10cm) physicochemical property was determined across four land uses, viz. natural forest (NF), shrubland (ShL), cropland (CrL), and grazing land (GrL). AMF spore abundance (SA) and AMF infectivity of these land uses were also determined. One-way ANOVA results indicated that most soil physicochemical variables were significantly affected by land-use change. According to the nonmetric multidiamentiaonal scaling ordination result, soil physicochemical property was found to be resilient to degradation (NF-ShL conversation) but not deforestation (NF-CrL or NF-GrL conversions) of Chilimo forest. Whereas SA was found to be resilient to both the degradation and deforestation, infectivity was resilient only to NF-CrL conversion. Although our results did not show a similar pattern in soil property, SA and AMF infectivity resilience due to Chilimo forest degradation and deforestation, both the soil physicochemical property and AMF infectivity were found to be not resilient to NF conversion to GrL. Hence, based on our results, it can be concluded that AMF inoculation could be more beneficial to NF restoration if the planting sites are in GrL. However, in the future, the AMF community composition of these four land uses should be determined morphologically and molecularly from field soil and trap culture so that AMF resilience to DAF deforestation and degradation is better understood.

Peer review status:ACCEPTED

26 Oct 2020Submitted to Land Degradation & Development
28 Oct 2020Submission Checks Completed
28 Oct 2020Assigned to Editor
06 Jan 2021Reviewer(s) Assigned
24 Jan 2021Review(s) Completed, Editorial Evaluation Pending
31 Jan 2021Editorial Decision: Revise Minor
06 Apr 20211st Revision Received
07 Apr 2021Submission Checks Completed
07 Apr 2021Assigned to Editor
22 Apr 2021Review(s) Completed, Editorial Evaluation Pending
07 May 2021Editorial Decision: Revise Major
08 May 20212nd Revision Received
10 May 2021Submission Checks Completed
10 May 2021Assigned to Editor
14 May 2021Review(s) Completed, Editorial Evaluation Pending
20 May 2021Editorial Decision: Accept