EVALUATION OF INDEX OF CARDIO-ELECTROPHYSIOLOGICAL BALANCE AND TP-E/QT
RATIO IN COVID-19 PATIENTS TREATED WITH HYDROXYCHLOROQUINE AND
Aim: The common cardiac toxicities of hydroxychloroquine (HCQ) and
azithromycin(AZ) are not well defined in COVID -19 patients . The
purpose of this study was to evaluate ventricular repolarization in
COVID-19 patients treated with HCQ and AZ using iCEB, Tp-e interval,
Tp-e/QT ratio, and Tp-e/QTc ratio. Methods: This retrospective study
enrolled 164 patients diagnosed with COVID-19 pneumonia in the Emergency
Department (ED) and then transferred to the medical floor or ICU in
April 2020 Result: A total of 164 patients were mean aged 47 ± 18 years
(range, 18-97 years) and 83 (50.6%) were women in study population.
Group HTQ had 38 patients , Group HTQ + AZ had 126 patients. On the 5th
day of hospitalization heart rates (HR) were significantly lower than ED
(p<0,001). On the 5th day of hospitalization QTc , QT max
(V5-V6), QTmin, Tp-e (V5-V6) and iCEB values were significantly higher
than ED (p=0,01and all the rest p<0,001 respectively). On the
5th day of hospitalization iCEB values of HTZ+AZ group were
statistically significant higher than iCEB values of HTQ group (p=0,03).
iCEBc had strong correlation between Tp-e/QT (V5). iCEBc had strong
negative correlation between Tp-e (V5). Conclusion: The iCEB values were
significant increased after HTQ and AZ treatment in COVID-19 patients.
We think that iCEB is a more sensitive marker than QT prolongation in
predicting the risk of multi-drug arrhythmia.