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First detection of porcine respirovirus 1 in Germany and in the Netherlands
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  • Leonard Schuele,
  • Erley Lizarazo,
  • Hayley Cassidy,
  • Katrin Strutzberg-Minder,
  • Jan Boehmer,
  • Sabine Schuetze,
  • Sandra Loebert,
  • Claudia Lambrecht,
  • Juergen Harlizius,
  • Alex Friedrich,
  • Silke Peter,
  • John Rossen,
  • Natacha Couto
Leonard Schuele
University Medical Centre Groningen
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Erley Lizarazo
University Medical Centre Groningen
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Hayley Cassidy
University Medical Centre Groningen
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Katrin Strutzberg-Minder
IVD Innovative Veterinnary Diagnostics
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Jan Boehmer
IVD Innovative Veterinnary Diagnostics
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Sabine Schuetze
Animal Health Services, Chamber of Agriculture of North Rhine-Westphalia
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Sandra Loebert
Animal Health Services, Chamber of Agriculture of North Rhine-Westphalia
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Claudia Lambrecht
Animal Health Services, Chamber of Agriculture of North Rhine-Westphalia
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Juergen Harlizius
Animal Health Services, Chamber of Agriculture of North Rhine-Westphalia
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Alex Friedrich
University Medical Centre Groningen
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Silke Peter
University of Tuebingen, Institute of Medical Microbiology and Hygiene
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John Rossen
University Medical Centre Groningen
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Natacha Couto
University Medical Centre Groningen
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Abstract

PRV1 was first detected in deceased pigs from Hong Kong in 2013. It has since been detected in the USA, Chile and most recently in Hungary. Information on the pathogenicity and global spread is sparse, however it has been speculated to play a role in the porcine respiratory disease complex. In an effort to investigate the porcine virome, we screened 53 pig samples from 29 farms using SMg within the Dutch/German border region. In five farms we detected PRV1. qPCR confirmed the presence of the virus in 2 of these farms and found an additional 6 positive farms. Phylogenetic analysis found the closest match to the first detected PRV1 strain in Hong Kong. The Dutch/German region represents a major area of pig farming within Europe and could provide important information on the characterization and circulation of porcine viruses, such as PRV1. Together with the recent detection of PRV1 in Hungary, these findings suggest widespread of PRV1 in Central Europe, highlighting the need for further research on persistence, pathogenicity and transmission in Europe.

Peer review status:Published

10 Nov 2020Submitted to Transboundary and Emerging Diseases
10 Nov 2020Submission Checks Completed
10 Nov 2020Assigned to Editor
03 Dec 2020Reviewer(s) Assigned
27 Dec 2020Review(s) Completed, Editorial Evaluation Pending
02 Jan 2021Editorial Decision: Revise Major
10 Mar 20211st Revision Received
10 Mar 2021Submission Checks Completed
10 Mar 2021Assigned to Editor
10 Mar 2021Reviewer(s) Assigned
05 Apr 2021Review(s) Completed, Editorial Evaluation Pending
06 Apr 2021Editorial Decision: Accept
09 Apr 2021Published in Transboundary and Emerging Diseases. 10.1111/tbed.14100