loading page

Hyperfiltration of saline water through clay-rich aquitards: chemical and isotopic evidence form a vertical profiles in the North China Plain
  • Ying Wang,
  • Zongyu Chen,
  • Jiang Chen
Ying Wang
Institute of Hydrogeology and Environmental Geology
Author Profile
Zongyu Chen
Institute of Hydrogeology and Environmental Geology
Author Profile
Jiang Chen
Institute of Hydrogeology and Environmental Geology
Author Profile

Abstract

Clay aquitards are semipermeable membranes that allow groundwater flow while retarding solute migration have been researched extensively but also subjected to much debate. In this study, we collected clay samples from drilling cores (30–90m) in the Hengshui area located in the Hebei Plain, then extracted pore water using a high-pressure squeezing device. Vertical hydrochemical and isotopic profile variation trends for the pore water were revealed using hydrochemical (Cl-, Na+, Ca2+, K+, Mg2+, and SO42-) and stable isotopic measurements of H, O, and Cl. The results showed that the hydrochemical clay interlayer pore water of the saline aquifer is Cl•SO4-Na•Mg type and the average total dissolved solids(TDS)is 10.17g/L. The hydrochemical clay aquitard pore water is of the Cl•SO4-Na•Ca type with an average TDS of 1.9g/L. The hydrochemical clay interlayer pore water of aquifer II is of Cl-Na•Ca type with an average TDS of 1.1g/L. Our results showed that the water quality of the aquifer II is not affected by the upper part of saline aquifer, thus the clay aquitard acts as a significant barrier to salt movement. A polarization layer concentrated in ions was formed between the upper part of saline aquifer and the clay aquitard. The concentration polarization layer increases the salt-inhibition effect. Isotpic H, O, and Cl results showed significant fractionation. The pore water of aquifer II lacked heavy isotopes(D、18O、37Cl), but had significant heavy isotope enrichment in the concentrated polarized layer (the δD value was -76‰, the δ18O value was -8.4‰, and the δ37Cl value was 1.59‰). Hyperfiltration thus played a significant role in isotope fractionation.

Peer review status:ACCEPTED

11 Nov 2020Submitted to Hydrological Processes
11 Nov 2020Submission Checks Completed
11 Nov 2020Assigned to Editor
11 Nov 2020Reviewer(s) Assigned
19 Dec 2020Review(s) Completed, Editorial Evaluation Pending
24 Dec 2020Editorial Decision: Revise Major
03 Feb 20211st Revision Received
04 Feb 2021Assigned to Editor
04 Feb 2021Submission Checks Completed
04 Feb 2021Reviewer(s) Assigned
25 Mar 2021Review(s) Completed, Editorial Evaluation Pending
05 Apr 2021Editorial Decision: Revise Minor
23 Apr 20212nd Revision Received
28 Apr 2021Reviewer(s) Assigned
28 Apr 2021Submission Checks Completed
28 Apr 2021Assigned to Editor
28 Apr 2021Review(s) Completed, Editorial Evaluation Pending
28 Apr 2021Editorial Decision: Accept