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Identification Sixteen Metabolic Genes as Potential Biomarkers for Colon Adenocarcinoma
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  • Fu-qiang Zhao,
  • Yan-long Liu,
  • Xin-yue Gu,
  • Bomiao Zhang,
  • Chengxin Song,
  • Bin-bin Cui
Fu-qiang Zhao
Tumor Hospital of Harbin Medical University
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Yan-long Liu
Tumor Hospital of Harbin Medical University
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Xin-yue Gu
Tumor Hospital of Harbin Medical University
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Bomiao Zhang
Tumor Hospital of Harbin Medical University
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Chengxin Song
Tumor Hospital of Harbin Medical University
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Bin-bin Cui
Tumor Hospital of Harbin Medical University
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Abstract

Purpose Colon adenocarcinoma is the most common primary malignant tumor of the digestive tract. It is still important to find important markers that affect the prognosis of COAD. This research aims to identify some key prognosis-related metabolic genes (PRMG) and establish a clinical prognosis model for COAD patients. Method We used The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) and Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) to obtain gene expression profiles of COAD, and then identified differentially expressed prognostic-related metabolic genes through R language and Perl software, Through univariate Cox analysis and least absolute shrinkage and selection operator (LASSO) Cox analysis to obtain target genes, established metabolic genes prognostic models and risk scores. Through COX regression analysis, independent risk factors affecting the prognosis of COAD were analyzed, and Receiver Operating Characteristic (ROC) curve analysis of independent prognostic factors was performed and a nomogram for predicting overall survival was constructed. Perform the consistency index (C-index) test and decision curve analysis (DCA) on the nomogram, and use Gene Set Enrichment Analysis (GSEA) to identify the Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) pathway of model genes. Result We selected PRMG based on the expression of metabolic genes, and used LASSO Cox regression to construct 16 metabolic gene (SEPHS1, P4HA1, ENPP2, PTGDS, GPX3, CP, ASPA, POLR3A, PKM, POLR2D , XDH, EPHX2, ADH1B, HMGCL, GPD1L and MAOA) models. The risk score generated from our model can well predict the survival prognosis of COAD. A nomogram based on the clinicopathological characteristics and risk scores of COAD can personally predict the overall survival rate of COAD patients. Conclusion We comprehensively identified metabolic genes related to the prognosis of COAD. The risk score based on the expression of 16 metabolic genes can effectively predict the prognosis of patients with COAD.