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Chest image staging and prevalence of current smoking among hospitalized COVID-19 patients in Turkey
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  • Sinan Eroğlu,
  • Eren Şahin,
  • Şule Yoluç,
  • Yasemin Eroğlu,
  • İmran Aydoğdu
Sinan Eroğlu
Istanbul Bahçelievler State Hospital
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Eren Şahin
Istanbul Bahcelievler State Hospital
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Şule Yoluç
Istanbul Bahcelievler State Hospital
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Yasemin Eroğlu
Istanbul Bağcılar Eğitim ve Araştırma Hastanesi
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İmran Aydoğdu
Istanbul Bahcelievler State Hospital
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Abstract

Objective: Novel Coronavirus disease is a new infectious agent of the respiratory tract characterized by a severe acute respiratory syndrome. For this disease, there are limited data with regard to the clinical characteristics of the patients and prognostic factors. Study Design: Retrospective Cohort Setting: Secondary Referral Center Methods: We collected data from 213 patients who were hospitalized into COVID-19 isolation with positive PCR test results. We recorded various patient values, including blood test results. We also noted age, gender, additional diseases, duration of discharge, whether they live or die, whether they smoke, and their radiological staging. Results: In CT imaging with a staging of maximum 4 points and minimum 0 points, the mean value resulted in 1.95. The average radiological stage of the dead patients group was reported as 2.56. There was a correlation between the radiological predictor and the outcome status (p-value: 0.002). The number of smokers was 14 (6.5%). Of the 26 patients who died, 3 were smokers and 23 were non-smokers. Conclusion: 14 of the patients in the study were smokers (6.5%). One in four people in Turkey is a smoker, while in COVID-19 isolation service only a 6.5% rate of smoking was observed. That supports the theory that smoking hasn’t negative impact on COVID-19 development. The average radiological stage was reported as 2.56 in the dead patients’s group. There was a correlation between the radiological predictor and the outcome status (p-value: 0.002). It seems that an elevated radiological stage is a predictor of death. Keywords: Covid-19, SARS-CoV-2, smoking, computed tomography, predictor factors. Key points: to learn relations between smoking and covid-19, effect of Ct stages on the disease severity, effect of blood analysis on Covid-19, the parameters in deaths of Covid-19, ratio of smoking in Covid-19 inpatients