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Rainfall-Runoff Modeling Using NRCS-CN method and GIS approach
  • Rekha Verma,
  • Azhar Husain,
  • Mohammed Sharif
Rekha Verma
Jamia Millia Islamia Central University
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Azhar Husain
Jamia Millia Islamia Central University
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Mohammed Sharif
Jamia Millia Islamia Central University
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Abstract

Rainfall-Runoff modeling is a hydrological modeling which is extremely important for water resources planning, development, and management. In this paper, Natural Resource Conservation Service-Curve Number (NRCS-CN) method along with Geographical Information System (GIS) approach was used to evaluate the runoff resulting from the rainfall of four stations, namely, Bilodra, Kathlal, Navavas and Rellawada of Sabarmati River basin. The rainfall data were taken for 10 years (2005-2014). The curve number which is the function of land use, soil and antecedent moisture condition (AMC) was generated in GIS platform. The CN value generated for AMC- I, II and III were 57.29, 75.39 and 87.77 respectively. Using NRCS-CN method, runoff depth was calculated for all the four stations. The runoff depth calculated with respect to the rainfall for Bilodra, Kathlal, Navavas and Rellawada shows a good correlation of 0.96. The computed runoff was compared with the observed runoff which depicted a good correlation of 0.73, 0.70, 0.76 and 0.65 for the four stations. This method results in speedy and precise estimation of runoff from a watershed.