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Title: Prematurity, the Diagnosis of Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia, and Maturation of Ventilatory Control Abbreviated Title: Control of Breathing and the Diagnosis of BPD
  • Daniel Mammel,
  • James Kemp
Daniel Mammel
Washington University School of Medicine in Saint Louis
Author Profile
James Kemp
Washington University School of Medicine in Saint Louis
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Abstract

Infants born before 32 weeks post-menstrual age (PMA) and receiving respiratory support at 36 weeks PMA are diagnosed with bronchopulmonary dysplasia. This label suggests that their need for supplemental oxygen is primarily due to acquired dysplasia of airways and airspaces, and that the supplemental oxygen (O2) is treating residual parenchymal lung disease. However, current approaches to ventilatory support in the first days of life, including artificial surfactant use and lower ventilating pressures have changed the pathology of chronic lung disease, and emerging evidence suggests that immature ventilatory control may also contribute to the need for supplemental oxygen at 36 weeks PMA. In all newborns, maturation of ventilatory control continues ex utero and is a plastic process. Supplemental O2 mitigates the hypoxemic effects of delayed maturation of ventilatory control, as well as reduces the duration and frequency of periodic breathing events. Prematurity is associated with altered and occasionally aberrant maturation of ventilatory control. Infants born prematurely, with or without a diagnosis of BPD, are more prone to long-lasting effects of dysfunctional ventilatory control. Awareness of the interaction between parenchymal lung disease and delayed maturation of ventilatory control is essential to understanding why a given premature infant requires and is benefitting from supplemental O2 at 36 weeks PMA.

Peer review status:ACCEPTED

02 Dec 2020Submitted to Pediatric Pulmonology
02 Dec 2020Submission Checks Completed
02 Dec 2020Assigned to Editor
03 Dec 2020Reviewer(s) Assigned
27 Dec 2020Review(s) Completed, Editorial Evaluation Pending
28 Dec 2020Editorial Decision: Revise Major
04 Mar 20211st Revision Received
05 Mar 2021Assigned to Editor
05 Mar 2021Submission Checks Completed
05 Mar 2021Reviewer(s) Assigned
22 Mar 2021Review(s) Completed, Editorial Evaluation Pending
26 Mar 2021Editorial Decision: Revise Minor
27 Apr 20212nd Revision Received
28 Apr 2021Submission Checks Completed
28 Apr 2021Assigned to Editor
28 Apr 2021Reviewer(s) Assigned
30 Apr 2021Review(s) Completed, Editorial Evaluation Pending
04 May 2021Editorial Decision: Accept