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Gastric wall fat falo sign as a risk factor for cardiovascular diseases
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  • Ali Kupeli,
  • Ethem Unver,
  • Gurkan Danisan,
  • Eser Bulut
Ali Kupeli
Trabzon Kanuni Eğitim ve Araştırma Hastanesi
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Ethem Unver
Erzincan Binali Yildirim Universitesi
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Gurkan Danisan
Sakarya Universitesi
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Eser Bulut
Trabzon Kanuni Eğitim ve Araştırma Hastanesi
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Abstract

A B S T R A C T Objective: To investigate the relationship between gastric wall fat halo sign and potentially associated cardiovascular disease (CVD) in thoracic computed tomography (CT). Material and Methods: Between October 2018 and June 2019, 62 patients with gastric wall fat halo sign and 97 controls were prospectively evaluated. Patient height, weight, body mass index (BMI), sex, age, ascending aorta, descending aorta, main pulmonary artery, right and left pulmonary artery, long and short cardiac axis and maximum transverse thorax diameters; and ascending, arcus, descending aorta and coronary artery calcium scores were recorded for the two groups. Results: No significant differences were found in sex, age, height, body weight or BMI between the two groups (p > 0.125). Patients with gastric wall fat halo sign had significantly larger diameters of the ascending aorta, the descending aorta, the main pulmonary artery, the right and left pulmonary arteries, and the short and long cardiac axes and a higher cardiothoracic ratio (CTR) than the control group (p < 0.001). Additionally, the calcium scores of the ascending, arcus, and descending aortas and the coronary arteries were significantly higher detected in patients group (p < 0.001). Conclusion: The gastric wall fat halo is the result of excessive fat accumulation and can be observed in overweight people, especially those with increased visceral fat tissue. Additionally, patients with a gastric wall fat halo have a higher cardiovascular risk because of increased vascular diameters, CTR, heart sizes and calcium scores.