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Species diversity of freshwater shrimp in Henan Province, China, based on morphological characters and COI mitochondrial gene
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  • Chuanjiang Zhou,
  • Mengxia Feng,
  • Yongtao Tang,
  • Changxing Yang,
  • Xiaolin Meng,
  • Guoxing Nie
Chuanjiang Zhou
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Mengxia Feng
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Yongtao Tang
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Changxing Yang
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Xiaolin Meng
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Guoxing Nie
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Abstract

Freshwater shrimp is an extremely rich species group with a long and problematic taxonomic history, attributed to its wide distribution, numerous species and similar morphology. Shrimp diversity and species identification is utmost important for fisheries management. However, identification based on morphological characteristics is difficult and complex for a non-specialist to perform. The water system of Henan Province is relatively abundant, but there are few investigations of freshwater shrimps and no description of molecular features. The aim of this study was to uncover the species diversity and phylogenetic of freshwater shrimp in Henan province by combining morphological identification and molecular species delimitation (barcoding gene: COI gene). About 1,200 freshwater shrimp samples from 46 sampling sites were collected for preliminary traditional morphological identification, 222 samples of these were been further microscopic examination and molecular delimitation. Here we used tree based method (NJ, ML) and distance based method (ABGD, bPTP) mainly to define species, detect the cryptic species and assess the validity of the barcoding in molecular. Comprehensive morphological identification and molecular delimitation results, there were 9 effective species and more than one cryptic species of freshwater shrimp in the province and moreover all of them can be identified by DNA barcoding. The results of morphological identification and molecular identification show high consistency, which proves the high efficiency in freshwater shrimp species identification of the DNA barcoding and the presence of cryptic species.