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Approaches and Awareness of Family Physicians on Diabetes Management during Ramadan
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  • TARIK YILMAZ,
  • EKREM BASARA,
  • TUĞBA YILMAZ,
  • İSMAİL KASIM,
  • ADEM ÖZKARA
TARIK YILMAZ
University of Health Sciences
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EKREM BASARA
University of Health Sciences
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TUĞBA YILMAZ
Ankara Provincial Health Directorate
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İSMAİL KASIM
University of Health Sciences
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ADEM ÖZKARA
University of Health Sciences
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Abstract

Aim: This study aimed to determine the approaches of family physicians in Turkey on the fasting of diabetic patients and whether they use international treatment guidelines when making recommendations. In addition, this study aimed to increase the awareness of family physicians on this issue before Ramadan, which is the fasting month. Material and Method: The study herein comprised cross-sectional observational research. Before Ramadan 2018, a structured questionnaire form, which was unique to this study, was prepared by considering the guidelines of the International Diabetes Federation (IDF) and the American Diabetes Association (ADA), through platforms where family physicians gathered via social media and mail groups, and sent to the family physicians in Turkey via a link created using an electronic questionnaire preparation and application program. Moreover, the total knowledge level, attitude, and approach score were calculated through the questions prepared from the relevant guidelines. Results: Participating in the survey were 262 family physicians. Only 22% of family physicians said that they were aware that there were international guidelines for Ramadan and diabetes management, and only 10% said that they had read the relevant guidelines. The mean knowledge level, attitude, and approach scores were found to be lower than expected, and a significant difference was found between their scores and their academic titles. Conclusion: The lack of knowledge of international guidelines on the subject and lack of knowledge and experience about diabetes mellitus patient management in the fasting month stood out as the biggest problems. This study revealed that the awareness and competence of family physicians in disease management should be increased in addition to fasting before, during, and after Ramadan in diabetic patients.

Peer review status:ACCEPTED

03 Jan 2021Submitted to International Journal of Clinical Practice
04 Jan 2021Submission Checks Completed
04 Jan 2021Assigned to Editor
09 Jan 2021Reviewer(s) Assigned
15 Jan 2021Review(s) Completed, Editorial Evaluation Pending
25 Mar 20211st Revision Received
26 Mar 2021Submission Checks Completed
26 Mar 2021Assigned to Editor
31 Mar 2021Review(s) Completed, Editorial Evaluation Pending
31 Mar 2021Editorial Decision: Accept