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Effects of high-fat diet and CYP2B6 mutants on the pharmacokinetics of bupropion and hydroxybupropion among healthy chinese subjects
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  • Hui Ma,
  • Xiao Ying Yang,
  • Wen Ping Zhang,
  • Yu Xin Zhang,
  • Shi Jie Wei,
  • Yan Ni Ma,
  • Hao Zhang,
  • Hong Wan Dang
Xiao Ying Yang
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Wen Ping Zhang
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Yu Xin Zhang
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Shi Jie Wei
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Hong Wan Dang
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Abstract

Aims To provide evidence for the clinically rational administration of bupropion (BUP), the effects of high-fat diet and CYP2B6 mutants on BUP and hydroxybupropion (HBUP) among 44 healthy Chinese subjects. Methods The concentrations of BUP and HBUP in plasma were determined with a high performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (HPLC-MS/MS) analysis. Genotypes were ascertained after amplified by polymerase chain reaction and restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP). Results The maximum plasma concentration (Cmax) and time to Cmax (tmax) of BUP as well as the concentration–time curve (AUC(0→96)) and Cmax of HBUP all increased by 1.18-, 1.41-, 1.38-, and 1.33-fold in the feeding group relative to the fasting group, respectively. Interestingly, the Cmax and terminal half-life (t1/2) of BUP increased by 1.33- and 1.39-fold among those subjects carrying the CYP2B6*1/*1 genotype in the feeding group relative to those in the fasting group. Similarly, the apparent volume of distribution (Vd) and clearance (CL) of HBUP increased by 1.38- and 1.59-fold, respectively, while the Cmax and AUC(0→96) of HBUP decreased by 1.44- and 1.49-fold among those subjects carrying the CYP2B6*1/*1 genotype in the feeding group relative to those in the fasting group. Concliusion These data suggest that high-fat diet and CYP2B6 mutants can influence the pharmacokinetic parameters of BUP and HBUP, thereby offering clear evidence for the rational administration of BUP among Chinese subjects in clinical settings.