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Integrated application of multi-omics strategies provides insights into the environmental hypoxia response in Pelteobagrus vachelli muscle
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  • Jie Li,
  • Xia Liang,
  • Jiejie Xu,
  • Jiajia Zhang,
  • Kai Zhang,
  • Jie Ji,
  • Tao Wang,
  • Yongyi Jia,
  • Guosong Zhang,
  • Shaowu Yin
Jiajia Zhang
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Yongyi Jia
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Guosong Zhang
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Shaowu Yin
Nanjing Normal University
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Abstract

Abstract Increasing pressures on aquatic ecosystems due to pollutants, nutrient enrichment and global warming have severely depleted oxygen concentrations. This sudden and significant lack of oxygen has resulted in persistent increases fish mortality rates. Revealing the molecular mechanism of fish hypoxia adaptation will help researchers to find hypoxic markers for hypoxia induced by environmental stress. Here, we used a multi-omics approach to identify several hypoxia-associated miRNAs, mRNAs, proteins, and metabolites involved in diverse biological pathways in the muscles of Pelteobagrus vachelli. Our findings revealed significant hypoxia-associated changes in muscles over 4 h of hypoxia exposure and discrete tissue-specific patterns. We have previously reported that P. vachelli livers exhibit increased anaerobic glycolysis, heme synthesis, erythropoiesis, and inhibit apoptosis when exposed to hypoxia 4 h. However, the opposite was observed in muscles. According to our comprehensive analysis, fishes show an acute response to hypoxia, including activation of catabolic pathways to generate more energy, reduction of biosynthesis to decrease energy consumption, and shifting from aerobic to anaerobic metabolic contributions. Also we found that hypoxia induced muscle dysfunction by impairing mitochondrial function, activating inflammasomes, and apoptosis. The hypoxia-induced mitochondrial dysfunction enhanced oxidative stress, apoptosis, and further triggered IL-1β production via inflammasome activation. In turn, IL-1β further impaired mitochondrial function or apoptosis by suppressing downstream mitochondrial biosynthesis-related proteins, thus resulting in a vicious cycle of inflammasome activation and mitochondrial dysfunction. Our findings contribute meaningful insights into the molecular mechanisms of hypoxia, and the methods and study design can be utilized across different fish species.