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Diffusion tensor imaging in differentiation metastatic from reactive axillary lymph nodes in patients with breast cancer
  • Ahmed Abdel Razek,
  • Waleed Elnahas,
  • Mahmoud Abd El-Latif
Ahmed Abdel Razek
Mansoura University Faculty of Medicine
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Waleed Elnahas
Mansoura University Faculty of Medicine
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Mahmoud Abd El-Latif
Mansoura University Faculty of Medicine
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Abstract

Purpose: To determine if diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) parameters can differentiate metastatic from reactive axillary lymph nodes (ALNs) in patients with breast cancer. Methods: Prospective study was done on 48 patients with breast cancer that were examined by DTI of the breast. The mean diffusivity (MD) and fractional anisotropy (FA) of ALNs were calculated by 2 observers. The final diagnosis was obtained by biopsy. Results: Metastatic nodes (n=50) had significantly lower MD (p = 0.001, 0.001) and higher FA (p = 0.002, 0.01) than reactive (n=20) nodes for both observers respectively. When threshed of MD (0.875, 0.815 X10-3 mm2/s) was used for differentiation of both entities revealed accuracy (80 %, 81.4 %) and had AUC of 0.920 and 0.918 by both observers respectively. When threshold FA (0.565, 0.645) was used for differentiation revealed an accuracy of 87.1%, 81.4% and had AUC of 0.860 and 0.870 by both observers respectively. Combined FA and MD had AUC 0.940, 0.950) with an accuracy of 91.4%, 92.9% for both observers respectively. Conclusion: Combined analysis DTI parameters FA may play a role in differentiation of metastatic from reactive ALNs in patients with breast cancer.