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Clinical Outcomes of Thrombolytic Therapy in Patients with Mild Stroke: Single-Center Experience in a Tertiary Care Institution
  • Hasan Karadeli,
  • Ruken Simsekoglu
Hasan Karadeli
Istanbul Medeniyet University
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Ruken Simsekoglu
Istanbul Medeniyet University
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Abstract

Objective: The term ‘mild stroke’ is used to describe stroke patients with a NIHSS score of 0 to 6. There is still no clear decision regarding the application of iv recombinant tissue plasminogen activator (iv-tPA) to patients who is admitted with an acute ischemic stroke and is in the mild stroke category. In our study, we aimed to analyze the data of patients who applied to our stroke center with an acute mild stroke clinic and received iv-tPA treatment and their three-month follow-up. Methods: A total of 47 (age 69.1 ± 14.1, 28 female) mild stroke patients were included out of 350 patients receiving thrombolytic therapy. Intravenous thrombolysis was initiated with a maximum delay of 4.5 hours in all patients. Patients had a NIHS score less than 6. NIHSS scores immediately before starting thrombolytic therapy and scores 24 hours after treatment were recorded. Modified Rankin Scale scores (mRS) at admission, 1 and 3 months were recorded. Results: NIHSS scores of the patients who received tPA decreased significantly after the treatment (p = 0.001). The patients’ 1st and 3rd month mRS scores were statistically significantly decreased according to the mRS scores when they entered the treatment (p = 0.001). Conclusions: This study highlights the efficacy of iv-tPA in acute ischemic stroke patients with mild symptoms and demonstrates the low risk profile of this therapy.