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Long-term outcome of extensive mitral valve reconstruction with autologous pericardium and artificial chordae for treatment of destructive active infective endocarditis of the mitral valve
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  • Kazuma Handa,
  • Takafumi Masai,
  • Toshihiro Ohata,
  • Tomohiko Sakamoto,
  • Yusuke Yanagino
Kazuma Handa
Sakurabashi Watanabe Hospital
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Takafumi Masai
Sakurabashi Watanabe Hospital
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Toshihiro Ohata
Sakurabashi Watanabe Hospital
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Tomohiko Sakamoto
Sakurabashi Watanabe Hospital
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Yusuke Yanagino
Sakurabashi Watanabe Hospital
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Abstract

Background and aim: Mitral valve (MV) repair is a well-accepted surgical approach for infective endocarditis (IE). In our hospital, extensive MV reconstruction with fresh autologous pericardium (AP) and artificial chordae (AC) has been performed for patients with profoundly extensive and destructive IE in which valve reconstruction would be extremely challenging, especially in young patients to avoid mechanical valve replacement. Long-term outcome including the future performance of the newly created leaflet has not been established. Methods: Five patients (50 ± 30 years of age; 3 men, 2 women) underwent this procedure from January 2011 to December 2020. In all patients, preoperative cardiac function was good (left ventricular ejection fraction, 70% ± 5%). After complete debridement of the infective valve tissue, the MV was reconstructed with large, fresh, trimmed AP and AC. Results: The reconstructed leaflets were anterior in three patients and posterior in four, and AC were placed in four patients. All patients showed an uneventful postoperative course and were discharged to home 35 ± 5 days postoperatively after completion of intravenous antibiotic therapy. Pre-discharge echocardiography revealed no or trivial mitral regurgitation (MR) in all patients. The mean follow-up period was 7.2 (range, 1.3–9.5) years, and no patients developed recurrence of the IE. The latest echocardiography in four patients showed trivial/mild MR with good leaflet function. One patient developed recurrence of MR, 5 months postoperatively. Conclusions: The short- and long-term outcomes of this procedure were satisfactory. This procedure might be considered as an effective and valuable option, especially in young patients.