loading page

Safety and efficacy of high-dose vitamin B6 for treating antipsychotic-induced hyperprolactinemia in male patients with treatment-resistant schizophrenia
  • +13
  • Chuanjun Zhuo,
  • Yong Xu,
  • Haibo Wang,
  • Chunhua Zhou,
  • Hongjun Tian,
  • Jie Liu,
  • Shuli Xu,
  • Tao Fang,
  • Jiayue Chen,
  • Cong Yao,
  • Weilaing Yang,
  • Qianchen Li,
  • Huan Mao,
  • Anqu Yang,
  • Bo Li,
  • Yuhui Chen
Chuanjun Zhuo
Tianjin Fourth Central Hospital
Author Profile
Yong Xu
Shanxi Medical University
Author Profile
Haibo Wang
Peking University Health Science Centre
Author Profile
Chunhua Zhou
Hebei Medical University
Author Profile
Hongjun Tian
Tianjin Fourth Central Hospital
Author Profile
Jie Liu
Tianjin Medical University
Author Profile
Shuli Xu
Tianjin Medical University
Author Profile
Tao Fang
Tianjin Fourth Central Hospital
Author Profile
Jiayue Chen
Tianjin Medical University
Author Profile
Cong Yao
Tianjin Medical University
Author Profile
Weilaing Yang
Tianjin Medical University
Author Profile
Qianchen Li
Hebei Medical University
Author Profile
Huan Mao
Tianjin Medical University
Author Profile
Anqu Yang
Tianjin Kangtai Hospital
Author Profile
Bo Li
Tianjin Kangtai Hospital
Author Profile
Yuhui Chen
Tianjin Kangtai Hospital
Author Profile

Abstract

Background and Purpose: This study aimed to investigate the safety and efficacy of high-dose vitamin B6 (vB6) for antipsychotic-induced hyperprolactinemia (AIHP) treatment in male patients with treatment-resistant schizophrenia (TRS). Experimental Approach: In this randomized double-blinded controlled study, patients were randomized (1:1) into a control group given aripiprazole (ARI; 10 mg/day) or an intervention group given vB6 (300 mg/12 h for 16 weeks). Prolactin level, psychotic symptoms [Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale (PANSS)], cognitive function [MATRICS Consensus Cognitive Battery (MCCB)], liver function, kidney function, growth hormone level, micronutrient levels, blood lipids, and adverse secondary effects (ASEs)[Treatment Emergent Symptom Scale (TESS) and Barnes-Akathisia scale] were monitored. Key Results: After a 16-week treatment period, the vB6 group showed a 68.1% reduction in serum prolactin levels (from 95.52 ± 6.30 μg/L to 30.43 ± 18.65 μg/L) while the ARI group showed only a 37.4% reduction (from 89.07 ± 3.59 μg/L to 55.78 ± 7.39 μg/L). During weeks 1–4, both treatments reduced prolactin similarly. Subsequently, the ARI effect plateaued, while the vB6 effect remained robust. AIHP reduction efficacy of vB6 was associated with baseline prolactin and triglyceride levels, total vB6 dosage, and education level. Conclusion and Implications: Compared with the ARI group, TRS patients given vB6 showed better attenuation of AIHP, lower ASE scores, and improvements in clinical symptoms and cognitive impairments. These results support further consideration of vB6 as a putative treatment for AIHP.