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Novel strategy for the demulsification of isolated sesame oil bodies by endogenous proteases
  • Yeming Chen,
  • Huina Li
Yeming Chen
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Abstract

Oleosins are mandatory to avoid coalescence of oil bodies (OBs), so commercial proteases are used to efficiently demulsify OBs into food oil. However, the commercial proteases and pH regulators (acid and alkali) greatly restrict this method in industry. In this study, aspartic endopeptidases, subtilisin-like proteases, metalloendopeptidase, and serine carboxypeptidases were identified in isolated sesame OBs by liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry (LC–MS/MS). Tricine–sodium dodecyl sulfate–polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis and protease inhibitor assay revealed that aspartic endopeptidases exerted high activity against oleosins in a pH range of 3−6 and a temperature range of 40−70 °C, while subtilisin-like proteases exhibited sharp optimum at pH 5. Metalloendopeptidase contributed to the low activity against oleosins at pH 7−9. Trichloroacetic acid–nitrogen soluble index and free amino acid analyses quantitatively revealed that the activity of serine carboxypeptidases was high at pH 3−5, and optimal at pH 4; the combined activity of aspartic endopeptidases and subtilisin-like proteases was optimal at pH 5. By incubating the isolated sesame OBs at pH 5 and 60 °C for 2 h, approximately 97% of total lipids were recovered as free oil. At last, LC−MS/MS analysis gave deep insight into the intrinsic proteins of sesame OBs: three kinds of oleosins with molecular weights around 17 kDa, and four kinds around 15 kDa; besides 27 kDa caleosin, four kinds of oil body-associated proteins and one kind of peroxygenase-like protein also around 27 kDa; in addition to 39 kDa steroleosin, 11-beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase-like 6 also around 39 kDa.

Peer review status:IN REVISION

03 Mar 2021Submitted to Journal of the American Oil Chemists' Society
03 Mar 2021Assigned to Editor
03 Mar 2021Submission Checks Completed
26 Mar 2021Reviewer(s) Assigned
09 May 2021Review(s) Completed, Editorial Evaluation Pending
09 May 2021Editorial Decision: Revise Major