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ISOLATED PULMONARY CYSTICERCOSIS IN AN URBAN SOUTH AFRICAN CHILD
  • +2
  • Zandiswa Nowalaza,
  • Heather Zar,
  • Marco Zampoli,
  • Komala Pillay,
  • Shivani Singh
Zandiswa Nowalaza
Red Cross War Memorial Children's Hospital
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Heather Zar
University of Cape Town
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Marco Zampoli
Red Cross War Memorial Children’s Hospital
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Komala Pillay
University of Cape Town
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Shivani Singh
University of Cape Town
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Abstract

Cysticercosis in humans is a serious public health problem, predominantly affecting low and middle-income countries (LMICs). Cysticercosis, the infection with the larval form of the pork tapeworm, Taenia Solium has high prevalence in areas where there are poor sanitary conditions and domestic pig without adequate veterinary control. Humans are the definitive host and pigs are the main source of infection. Human infection occurs when pork is eaten raw or undercooked. Ingested eggs or proglottids hatch into larvae form, which penetrate the intestinal wall into the blood stream and migrate into different organs including subcutaneous tissues, brain, eyes and rarely heart or lung, where they mature into cysticerci. Pulmonary cysticercosis has been rarely described; case reports are predominantly in adults and are usually of disseminated disease. In children the data are very scarce, with a single case report of a two-year old child with pulmonary infiltration, eosinophilia and subcutaneous cysticercosis.

Peer review status:IN REVISION

23 Mar 2021Submitted to Pediatric Pulmonology
24 Mar 2021Assigned to Editor
24 Mar 2021Submission Checks Completed
27 Mar 2021Reviewer(s) Assigned
09 Apr 2021Review(s) Completed, Editorial Evaluation Pending
12 Apr 2021Editorial Decision: Revise Major