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Effects of Sevelamer Carbonate versus Calcium Acetate on Vascular Calcification, Inflammation, and Endothelial Dysfunction in Chronic Kidney Disease
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  • Darius Mason,
  • Kavitha Godugu,
  • Daryl Nnani,
  • Shaker A. Mousa
Darius Mason
The University of Tennessee Health Science Center
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Kavitha Godugu
Albany College of Pharmacy and Health Sciences
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Daryl Nnani
Montefiore Medical Center
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Shaker A. Mousa
Albany College of Pharmacy and Health Sciences
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Abstract

Rationale & Objective: Hyperphosphatemia is present in most patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) and has been associated with increased cardiovascular mortality. Phosphate binders (calcium-based and calcium free) are the mainstay pharmacologic treatment to lower phosphorus levels in patients with ESRD. Study Design: We evaluated biochemical markers of vascular calcification, inflammation, and endothelial dysfunction in patients with Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) treated with sevelamer carbonate versus calcium acetate. Setting & Participants: We enrolled 50 CKD patients (stages 3 and 4) and treated them with sevelamer carbonate and calcium acetate for 12 weeks. Outcomes: At the end of the study the biomarkers of vascular calcification, inflammation, and endothelial dysfunction were analyzed. Results: A significant increase in HDL-cholesterol was observed with sevelamer carbonate but not with calcium acetate. Treatment with sevelamer carbonate reduced serum phosphate, calcium phosphate, and FGF-23 levels and there was no change with calcium acetate treatment. The inflammatory markers IL-8, IFN-γ, and TNFα decreased with response to both treatments. The levels of IL-6 significantly increased with calcium acetate treatment and no change was observed in the sevelamer carbonate treatment group. Conclusion: Sevelamer carbonate showed favorable effects on anti-inflammatory and vascular calcification biomarkers compared to calcium acetate treatment. Funding: Funding was received from Sanofi/Genzyme. Trial Registration: Registered at trial.com, registration number NCT01277497.