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FACTORS AFFECTING MEDICATION ADHERENCE AMONGST DIABETIC PATIENTS IN INDIA: A CROSS-SECTIONAL STUDY
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  • Vishavjot Aulakh,
  • Chahat Garg,
  • Raminder Kaur,
  • Sourabh Kosey,
  • Amit Sharma
Vishavjot Aulakh
ISF College of Pharmacy
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Chahat Garg
ISF College of Pharmacy
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Raminder Kaur
ISF College of Pharmacy
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Sourabh Kosey
ISF College of Pharmacy
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Amit Sharma
ISF College of Pharmacy
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Abstract

Background: Diabetes is a chronic condition that requires lifelong treatment with anti-diabetic medications to achieve optimum blood sugar level and to prevent complications associated with it but medication non-adherence becomes a major barrier in attaining good glycemic control. Aim: The study was designed to determine the adherence rate to anti-diabetic medications and factors associated with medication non-adherence amongst diabetic patients in Punjab. Materials & Methods: A cross-sectional study was carried out for 3 months on 138 diabetic patients who were using at least one hypoglycemic agent or were on insulin therapy. Hill-Bone Medication Adherence Scale (HB-MAS) - a 9 item questionnaire was used to measure adherence rate. Results: Medication adherence in the study population was above average. 89(64.5%) had high adherence followed by 41(29.7%) having moderate and 8(5.8%) having low adherence. Factors associated with medication non-adherence were age group 18-30 years, male, unmarried, and had a family monthly income < Rs 5000. Conclusion: The factors which affect medication adherence need to be evaluated at the constant interval for an individual patient. Patients must be educated about the disease and the benefits of adhering to their treatment regimen, which eventually improves the quality of life.